A prospective randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of omentopexy during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in reducing postoperative gastrointestinal symptoms
Patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy experience a significant amount of postoperative gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. The purpose of our study was to assess the efficacy of omentopexy during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in reducing postoperative food intolerance and GI symptoms.
Morbidly obese patients undergoing LSG were randomly assigned to have LSG with or without omentopexy from May 2012 to June 2013. A total of 60 patients were recruited with 30 patients in each group. Patients and the symptom scorer were blinded as to the assigned surgery. All procedures were performed by one of two surgeons utilizing the same surgical technique. Patients were administered standardized surveys, including the Rhodes Index survey, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) impact survey, and Eating Assessment Tool (EAT) survey at various time points postoperatively to assess nausea, vomiting, retching, frequency of GI symptoms, and level of distress.
There was no significant difference in patient age, percent decrease in BMI at any time point, or length of hospitalization between the two groups (P > 0.05). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in Rhodes Index scores, GERD impact scores, or EAT scores at any time point (P > 0.05). Patients in the LSG with omentopexy group required significantly more ondansetron perioperatively (16.1 ± 12.9 mg vs. 10.3 ± 10.2 mg, respectively; P = 0.04); however, there was no difference in metoclopramide requirement (P = 0.22). Surgical morbidity was not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05). Finally, there was no significant difference in number of postoperative clinic visits, office telephone encounters, total postoperative readmissions, or postoperative readmissions associated with GI symptoms (P > 0.05).
Omentopexy did not significantly decrease postoperative food intolerance or GI symptoms in morbidly obese patients undergoing LSG. Other methods of mitigating postoperative intolerance to oral intake and GI symptoms should be investigated.
KeywordsGastrointestinal symptoms Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy Nausea Omentopexy Vomiting
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