Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 3960–3980 | Cite as

SAGES guidelines for minimally invasive treatment of adrenal pathology

  • Dimitrios Stefanidis
  • Melanie Goldfarb
  • Kent W. Kercher
  • William W. Hope
  • William Richardson
  • Robert D. Fanelli


The guidelines for Minimally Invasive Surgical Treatment of Adrenal Pathology are a series of systematically developed statements to educate and guide the surgeon (and patient) in the appropriate use of minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of adrenal disease. The guidelines address the indications, risks, benefits, outcomes, alternatives, and controversies of the procedures used in specific clinical circumstances. The statements included in these guidelines were derived from a systematic review of published work on the topic, and the recommendations are explicitly linked to the supporting evidence. The strengths and weaknesses of the available evidence are highlighted, and expert opinion is sought where published evidence lacks depth.


Clinical practice guidelines are intended to indicate the best available approach to medical conditions as established by a systematic review of available data and expert opinion. The approach suggested might not be the only...


Inferior Vena Cava Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy Adrenal Vein Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma Open Adrenalectomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Dimitrios Stefanidis, Melanie Goldfarb, Kent W. Kercher, William W. Hope, William Richardson, and Robert D. Fanelli have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitrios Stefanidis
    • 1
    • 3
  • Melanie Goldfarb
    • 2
  • Kent W. Kercher
    • 3
  • William W. Hope
    • 4
  • William Richardson
    • 5
  • Robert D. Fanelli
    • 6
  1. 1.Division of Gastrointestinal and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of General SurgeryCMC Surgical Specialty CenterCharlotteUSA
  2. 2.Keck School of MedicineUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Carolinas HealthCare SystemCharlotteUSA
  4. 4.South East Area Health Education CenterWilmingtonUSA
  5. 5.Ochsner Clinic FoundationNew OrleansUSA
  6. 6.The Guthrie Clinic, LtdSayreUSA

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