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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 565–568 | Cite as

Centralisation of upper-GI cancer services: is the hub quicker than the spoke?

  • S. J. MonkhouseEmail author
  • J. Torres-Grau
  • D. R. Bawden
  • C. Ross
  • R. J. Krysztopik
Article

Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to assess whether patients diagnosed with oesophageal or gastric cancer at a local district general hospital (the “spoke”) have a similar temporal pathway through the decision-making and treatment process compared to those patients presenting at the centralised, tertiary hospital (the “hub”).

Methods

Between April 2010 and April 2011, patients with a new diagnosis of oesophagogastric cancer from both hub and spoke hospitals were analysed. Data regarding diagnosis, time from diagnosis to multidisciplinary meeting (MDM) discussion, and time from MDM decision to first treatment were all recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using parametric two-tailed t test to assess significance.

Results

There was a statistically significant increase in the time from diagnosis to MDM discussion at the spoke hospital compared to the hub (13.3 days vs. 25.67 days; p = 0.001). However, time to first treatment (surgery, palliative therapy, neoadjuvant therapy, or best supportive care) was significantly increased in the hub hospital compared to the spoke (43.4 days vs. 25.5 days; p = 0.023).

Conclusions

Notwithstanding its limitations, this study is the first of its kind to show that there is a disparity in the management pathways of patients who first present to a regional hospital rather than the tertiary centre. Patients at the spoke hospital have a longer lead time into the MDM but nonoperative treatment appears to be delivered more quickly locally.

Keywords

Oesophagus Gastric Multidisciplinary Centralisation Cancer 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Serena Hodges, MDM Coordinator, and Joanne Price, Upper GI Cancer Specialist Nurse, for access to patient databases.

Disclosures

Monkhouse S. J, Torres-Grau J, Bawden D. R, Ross C, and Krysztopik R. J. have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. J. Monkhouse
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Torres-Grau
    • 1
  • D. R. Bawden
    • 1
  • C. Ross
    • 1
  • R. J. Krysztopik
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryRoyal United HospitalBathUK
  2. 2.Department of Upper GI SurgeryBristol Royal InfirmaryBristolUK

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