Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 696–699 | Cite as

For 3D laparoscopy: a step toward advanced surgical navigation: how to get maximum benefit from 3D vision

  • Wolfgang Kunert
  • Pirmin Storz
  • Andreas Kirschniak
Letter to the Editor--Reply


The authors are grateful for the interesting perspectives given by Buchs and colleagues in their letter to the editor entitled “3D Laparoscopy: A Step Toward Advanced Surgical Navigation.” Shutter-based 3D video systems failed to become established in the operating room in the late 1990s. To strengthen the starting conditions of the new 3D technology using better monitors and high definition, the authors give suggestions for its practical use in the clinical routine. But first they list the characteristics of single-channeled and bichanneled 3D laparoscopes and describe stereoscopic terms such as “comfort zone,” “stereoscopic window,” and “near-point distance.” The authors believe it would be helpful to have the 3D pioneers assemble and share their experiences with these suggestions. Although this letter discusses “laparoscopy,” it would also be interesting to collect experiences from other surgical disciplines, especially when one is considering whether to opt for bi- or single-channeled optics.


3D Comfort areas Laparoscopy Stereoscopic window Stereoscopy 



Wolfgang Kunert, Pirmin Storz, Andreas Kirschniak have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Kunert
    • 1
  • Pirmin Storz
    • 1
  • Andreas Kirschniak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, Workgroup Experimental Minimally Invasive Surgery and TrainingUniversity Hospital TuebingenTuebingenGermany

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