Dysejaculation after laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy: a nationwide questionnaire study
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Dysejaculation and pain from the groin and genitals during sexual activity represent a clinically significant problem in up to 4% of younger males after open inguinal herniorrhaphy. The aim of this questionnaire study is to assess the prevalence of dysejaculation and pain during sexual activity after laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy on a nationwide basis.
The study population comprised all men aged 18–50 years registered in the Danish Hernia Database (n = 1,671) who underwent primary laparoscopic herniorrhaphy between January 1, 1998 and November 30, 2009. Questionnaires regarding dysejaculation and pain during sexual activity were mailed 3 months to 12 years after surgery, and 1,172 patients were included for analysis.
The response rate was 68.7% (n = 805). Dysejaculation occurring after laparoscopic repair was present in 25 patients (3.1%). Pain from the groin or genitals during sexual activity was reported by 88 patients (10.9%), and 19 patients (2.4%) reported that the pain had impaired their sexual activity to a moderate or severe degree. Older patients and patients with longer follow-up had lower prevalence of pain during sexual activity.
Dysejaculation and pain-related impairment of sexual activity is a significant problem after laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy. The role of improved laparoscopic technique with use of glue fixation of lightweight meshes to reduce the risk of developing these complications needs to be evaluated.
KeywordsChronic pain Dysejaculation Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy Postoperative pain Sexual dysfunction
Supported by a grant from the Europain project, funded by the Innovative Medicines Initiative Joint Undertaking (IMI JU, grant no. 115007).
Authors Joakim Bischoff, Gitte Linderoth, Eske Aasvang, Mads Werner and Henrik Kehlet have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.