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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 55–61 | Cite as

Gallstone disease in the elderly: are older patients managed differently?

  • Simon BergmanEmail author
  • Nadia Sourial
  • Isabelle Vedel
  • Wael C. Hanna
  • Shannon A. Fraser
  • Daniel Newman
  • Aaron J. Bilek
  • Christos Galatas
  • Jonah E. Marek
  • Johanne Monette
Article

Abstract

Background

This study aimed to describe the differences in the management of symptomatic gallstone disease within different elderly groups and to evaluate the association between older age and surgical treatment.

Methods

This single-institution retrospective chart review included all patients 65 years old and older with an initial hospital visit for symptomatic gallstone disease between 2004 and 2008. The patients were stratified into three age groups: group 1 (age, 65–74 years), group 2 (age, 75–84 years), and group 3 (age, ≥ 85 years). Patient characteristics and presentation at the initial hospital visit were described as well as the surgical and other nonoperative interventions occurring over a 1-year follow-up period. Logistic regression was performed to assess the effect of age on surgery.

Results

Data from 397 patient charts were assessed: 182 in group 1, 160 in group 2, and 55 in group 3. Cholecystitis was the most common diagnosis in groups 1 and 2, whereas cholangitis was the most common diagnosis in group 3. Elective admissions to a surgical ward were most common in group 1, whereas urgent admissions to a medical ward were most common in group 3. Elective surgery was performed at the first visit for 50.6% of group 1, for 25.6% of group 2, and for 12.7% of group 3, with a 1-year cumulative incidence of surgery of 87.4% in group 1, 63.5% in group 2, and 22.1% in group 3. Inversely, cholecystostomy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were used more often in the older groups. Increased age (odds ratio [OR], 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.84–0.91) and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (OR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.69–0.94) were significantly associated with a decreased probability of undergoing surgery within 1 year after the initial visit.

Conclusion

Even in the elderly population, older patients presented more frequently with severe disease and underwent more conservative treatment strategies. Older age was independently associated with a lower likelihood of surgery.

Keywords

Cholecystectomy Clinical papers/trials/research Elderly Gallstone disease Nonoperative management 

Notes

Disclosures

Simon Bergman, Nadia Sourial, Isabelle Vedel, Wael C. Hanna, Shannon A. Fraser, Daniel Newman, Aaron J. Bilek, Christos Galatas, Jonah E. Marek, and Johanne Monette have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Bergman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nadia Sourial
    • 2
    • 3
  • Isabelle Vedel
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wael C. Hanna
    • 4
  • Shannon A. Fraser
    • 4
  • Daniel Newman
    • 5
  • Aaron J. Bilek
    • 5
  • Christos Galatas
    • 5
  • Jonah E. Marek
    • 5
  • Johanne Monette
    • 2
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Sir Mortimer B. Davis Jewish General HospitalMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Solidage-McGill University/Université de Montréal Research Group on Frailty and Aging, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, McGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Community Studies, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General HospitalMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  4. 4.Department of Surgery, Sir Mortimer B. Davis Jewish General HospitalMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  5. 5.Department of Surgery, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Sir Mortimer B. Davis Jewish General HospitalMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  6. 6.Division of Geriatric Medicine, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General HospitalMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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