Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 1434–1439 | Cite as

The RAPID protocol enhances patient recovery after both laparoscopic and open colorectal resections

  • G. M. Lloyd
  • R. Kirby
  • D. M. Hemingway
  • F. B. Keane
  • A. S. Miller
  • P. Neary



Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs can accelerate recovery and shorten the hospital stay after colorectal resections. The RAPID (remove, ambulate, postoperative analgesia, introduce diet) protocol is a simplified ERAS program that consists of a simplified, user-friendly single-page pro forma schedule. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the RAPID protocol on patients undergoing both laparoscopic and open colorectal resections in two specialized colorectal units.


A prospective, two-center study assessed 117 age-matched patients undergoing open or laparoscopic colorectal resection to compare the postoperative course for patients using the RAPID protocol with those treated in a traditional manner.


Of the 117 patients studied, 70 underwent laparoscopic resection (55 with the RAPID protocol) and 47 underwent open resection (25 with the RAPID protocol). Patients undergoing laparoscopic resections with the RAPID protocol had a significantly shorter hospital stay (p = 0.01) and tolerance of a full diet (p = 0.002). Similarly, patients undergoing open resections with the RAPID protocol also have a significantly shorter hospital stay (p = 0.04).


The RAPID protocol is a user-friendly, easy, and effective tool that facilitates earlier tolerance of diet and discharge from the hospital for patients undergoing laparoscopic or open colorectal resections.


Colorectal ERAS Fast track Laparoscopic Rapid Surgery 



G. Lloyd, R. Kirby, D. Hemingway, F. Keane, A. Miller, and P. Neary have no conflict of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Lloyd
    • 1
  • R. Kirby
    • 2
  • D. M. Hemingway
    • 1
  • F. B. Keane
    • 2
  • A. S. Miller
    • 1
  • P. Neary
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryLeicester Royal Infirmary, Infirmary SquareLeicesterUK
  2. 2.Minimally Invasive Surgery Tallaght, Division of Colorectal SurgeryAdelaide and Meath HospitalDublinIreland

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