Clinical outcome of endoscopic submucosal dissection versus endoscopic mucosal resection of large colorectal tumors as determined by curative resection
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Background and Aims
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has recently been applied to the treatment of superficial colorectal cancer. Clinical outcomes compared with conventional endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) have not been determined so our aim was to compare the effectiveness of ESD with conventional EMR for colorectal tumors ≥20 mm.
This was a retrospective case-controlled study performed at the National Cancer Center Hospital in Tokyo, Japan involving 373 colorectal tumors ≥20 mm determined histologically to be curative resections. Data acquisition was from a prospectively completed database. We evaluated histology, tumor size, procedure time, en bloc resection rate, recurrence rate, and associated complications for both the ESD and EMR groups.
A total of 145 colorectal tumors were treated by ESD and another 228 were treated by EMR. ESD was associated with a longer procedure time (108 ± 71 min/29 ± 25 min; p < 0.0001), higher en bloc resection rate (84%/33%; p < 0.0001) and larger resected specimens (37 ± 14 mm/28 ± 8 mm; p = 0.0006), but involved a similar percentage of cancers (69%/66%; p = NS). There were three (2%) recurrences in the ESD group and 33 (14%) in the EMR group requiring additional EMR (p < 0.0001). The perforation rate was 6.2% (9) in the ESD group and 1.3% (3) in the EMR group (p = NS) with delayed bleeding occurring in 1.4% (2) and 3.1% (7) of the procedures (p = NS), respectively, as all complications were effectively treated endoscopically.
Despite its longer procedure time and higher perforation rate, ESD resulted in higher en bloc resection and curative rates compared with EMR and all ESD perforations were successfully managed by conservative endoscopic treatment.
KeywordsEndoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) Recurrence Colon Colorectal Short-term clinical outcome
Bipolar needle knife
Endoscopic mucosal resection
Endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection
Endoscopic submucosal dissection
- IT knife
Laterally spreading tumor
Laterally spreading tumor granular type
Laterally spreading tumor nongranular type
Minute submucosal cancer
Submucosal deep cancer
The authors wish to thank Christopher Dix for helping to edit this manuscript.
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