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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 22, Issue 12, pp 2679–2685 | Cite as

Biomechanical properties of lightweight versus heavyweight meshes for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and their impact on recurrence rates

  • Christian HollinskyEmail author
  • Simone Sandberg
  • Thomas Koch
  • Sabine Seidler
Article

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair can be performed using light- or heavyweight meshes. Apart from the size of the mesh, its friction coefficient (μ0) and flexural stiffness are of crucial importance to avoidance of hernia recurrence.

Methods

In the current biomechanical study, tensile tests were performed to determine the ultimate tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of six lightweight meshes and six heavyweight meshes for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. To determine their friction coefficient (μ0), the meshes were placed between a resected peritoneum and groin muscles during an autopsy. Meshes measuring 15 × 10 cm in size then were used in a hernia model with an opening size of 1.5, 3, or 5 cm.

Results

The ultimate tensile strength and modulus of elasticity were significantly lower in the lightweight mesh group than in the heavyweight mesh group. The mean friction coefficient (μ0) of the meshes was 0.4. Given an opening of 1.5 cm, all meshes remained adequately stable. At opening sizes of 3 and 5 cm, the lightweight meshes flexed on the average by 3.16 ± 0.4 mm and 10.40 ± 2.5 mm, respectively. Heavyweight meshes, on the other hand, were significantly less flexible. Their mean flexure was, respectively, 0.34 ± 0.2 mm and 3.97 ± 0.7 mm (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Stable meshes are characterized by a small degree of flexure and do not slide into the gap even when subjected to repetitive loads. Therefore, in terms of hernia recurrence, meshes with greater flexural stiffness or well-fixed lightweight meshes that adequately overlap the hernia defect can be used for laparoscopic treatment of large inguinal hernias.

Keywords

Friction coefficient Heavyweight mesh Hernia recurrence Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair Lightweight mesh Modulus of elasticity Tensile strength 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Hollinsky
    • 1
    Email author
  • Simone Sandberg
    • 1
  • Thomas Koch
    • 2
  • Sabine Seidler
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryKaiserin Elisabeth HospitalViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute of Materials Science and TechnologyVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

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