Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 23, Issue 8, pp 1882–1886

Preliminary results with a training program for thoracoscopic atrial fibrillation therapy

  • Francisco M. Sánchez-Margallo
  • Idoia Díaz-Güemes
  • Francisco J. Pérez
  • Miguel A. Sánchez
  • Beatriz Loscertales
  • Jesús Usón
Article

Abstract

Background

Novel devices have been designed for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) using minimally invasive approaches. This study aimed to determine the usefulness of a sheep model for training in cardiac surgical ablation using a minimally invasive approach in an experimental hands-on training course.

Methods

After initial training using a laparoscopic pelvic trainer, 15 sheep were subjected to surgery by six thoracic surgeons attending a hands-on thoracoscopic course. Dissection to the posterior wall of the pulmonary veins was followed by insertion of a microwave device around both the caudal cava vein and the pulmonary veins. The complications were recorded, and the effectiveness of the surgery was evaluated by complete deployment of the microwave device. The animals were killed after completion of the procedure.

Results

Isolation of the cava vein and the pulmonary veins and placement of the microwave probe were performed successfully for 10 animals using a complete thoracoscopic approach. Two animals died during the procedure. The main complications of the procedure were hemorrhage and difficulty isolating the blood vessels using a minimally invasive procedure. After the training period, the thoracoscopic surgical maneuvers were accurate and reliable.

Conclusion

The technical feasibility of performing safe and efficient thoracoscopic placement of a microwave device in a sheep model was demonstrated in this study, suggesting that the results of this study are a useful contribution to the development of an animal model for surgical training and experimental cardiac surgeries.

Keywords

Atrial fibrillation Cardiac surgical ablation Microwave device Ovine model Thoracoscopic training Thoracoscopy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco M. Sánchez-Margallo
    • 1
  • Idoia Díaz-Güemes
    • 1
  • Francisco J. Pérez
    • 1
  • Miguel A. Sánchez
    • 1
  • Beatriz Loscertales
    • 1
  • Jesús Usón
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Laparoscopic SurgeryMinimally Invasive Surgery Centre Jesús UsónCaceresSpain

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