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Surgical Endoscopy

, 23:1233 | Cite as

Male sexual and urinary function after laparoscopic total mesorectal excision

  • Mario Morino
  • Umberto Parini
  • Marco Ettore Allaix
  • Gabriella Monasterolo
  • Riccardo Brachet Contul
  • Corrado Garrone
Article

Abstract

Background

Urinary and sexual dysfunction are potential complications of rectal surgery for cancer. This study retrospectively evaluated the frequency of such complications after laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME) with autonomic nerve preservation.

Methods

For this study, 50 men younger than 75 years who underwent radical LTME for mid and low rectal cancer were followed up for at least 12 months, interviewed, and administered a standardized questionnaire about postoperative functional outcomes and quality of life.

Results

Sexual desire was maintained by 55.6%, ability to engage in intercourse by 57.8%, and ability to achieve orgasm and ejaculation by 37.8% of the patients. Distance of the tumor from the anal verge and adjuvant or neoadjuvant treatments were the significant predictors of poor postoperative sexual function. Seven patients (14%) presented transitory postoperative urinary dysfunction, all of whom were medically treated. Tumor stage and distance from the anal verge were independently associated with the postoperative global International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS). No differences were observed in urinary quality of life.

Conclusions

In this series, LTME did not reproduce or improve on sexual and urinary dysfunction outcomes obtained in the best open TME series. Further trials are needed to evaluate functional outcome in rectal cancer patients.

Keywords

Urinary dysfunction Sexual dysfunction Quality of life Laparoscopy Total mesorectal excision Rectal cancer 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors thank Riccardo Ragona, M.D., Department of Radiotherapy, University of Turin, Italy, for his help with the statistical evaluation of data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Morino
    • 1
  • Umberto Parini
    • 2
  • Marco Ettore Allaix
    • 1
  • Gabriella Monasterolo
    • 1
  • Riccardo Brachet Contul
    • 2
  • Corrado Garrone
    • 1
  1. 1.Chirurgia Generale II, Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of TurinTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryAosta HospitalAostaItaly

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