A laparoscopic approach to partial splenectomy for children with hereditary spherocytosis

  • S. Dutta
  • V. E. Price
  • V. Blanchette
  • J. C. Langer
Article

Abstract

Background

Partial splenectomy is sometimes used for children with hereditary spherocytosis (HS) to reduce hemolysis while retaining some splenic immune function. Previous reports have described a partial splenic resection through a laparotomy incision. Whereas laparoscopic total splenectomy for HS is well-established, laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) has not been described. The authors have developed a novel LPS technique that combines the benefits of partial splenectomy with those of a laparoscopic approach.

Methods

A chart review was conducted for three children with HS who underwent LPS, with approximately one-fourth of the spleen left on the basis of the short gastric arterial supply.

Results

The mean preoperative spleen size was 17.6 cm. The mean preoperative hemoglobin count was 100 g/l, and the postoperative hemoglobin count was 133 g/l. All three patients reported reduced malaise and increased energy levels. There was no recurrent anemia at the 1- to 2-year follow-up evaluation.

Conclusion

The LPS procedure is a safe and effective approach to HS that resolves anemia, potentially retains some splenic immunity, and confers the benefits of a minimal access technique.

Keywords

Pediatrics Spleen 

Notes

Acknowledgments

In 2004, Dr. Victoria Price was a recipient of the Baxter Bioscience Pediatric Hemostasis Fellowship at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada, during the period that this work was completed.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Dutta
    • 1
  • V. E. Price
    • 2
  • V. Blanchette
    • 2
  • J. C. Langer
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric SurgeryLucile Packard Children’s Hospital, Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of PediatricsHospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Division of Pediatric General SurgeryHospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada

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