Application of ergonomic guidelines during minimally invasive surgery: a questionnaire survey of 284 surgeons

  • L. S. G. L. Wauben
  • M. A. van Veelen
  • D. Gossot
  • R. H. M. Goossens
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00464-005-0647-y

Cite this article as:
Wauben, L.S.G.L., van Veelen, M.A., Gossot, D. et al. Surg Endosc (2006) 20: 1268. doi:10.1007/s00464-005-0647-y

Abstract

Background

This study aimed to obtain an answer for the question: Are ergonomic guidelines applied in the operating room and what are the consequences?

Methods

A total of 1,292 questionnaires were sent by email or handed out to surgeons and residents. The subjects worked mainly in Europe, performing laparoscopic and/or thoracoscopic procedures within the digestive, thoracic, urologic, gynecologic, and pediatric disciplines.

Results

In response, 22% of the questionnaires were returned. Overall, the respondents reported discomfort in the neck, shoulders, and back (almost 80%). There was not one specific cause for the physical discomfort. In addition, 89% of the 284 respondents were unaware of ergonomic guidelines, although 100% stated that they find ergonomics important.

Conclusions

The lack of ergonomic guidelines awareness is a major problem that poses a tough position for ergonomics in the operating room.

Keywords

Endoscopy Human factors MIS Operating room Physical complaints 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. S. G. L. Wauben
    • 1
  • M. A. van Veelen
    • 1
  • D. Gossot
    • 2
  • R. H. M. Goossens
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Industrial Design EngineeringDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Thoracic DepartmentInstitut Mutualiste MontsourisParisFrance

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