Laparoscopically assisted total gastrectomy with jejunal pouch interposition
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Jejunal pouch interposition (JPI) is known as a useful gastric replacement procedure after total gastrectomy. The JPI procedure, however, has not been applicable to laparoscopically assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) because of its technical complexity and difficulty. This study aimed to describe our modified LATG/JPI technique, and to evaluate its feasibility, safety, and early postoperative functional outcome.
Between September 2002 and August 2003, LATG/JPI was attempted for five patients (3 men and 2 women) with early gastric cancers in the upper portion of the stomach. The mean age of the patients was 57 years, and their BMI was 21 kg/m2. Using a 5-port technique, the gastric arteries were laparoscopically clipped and divided with adequate lymphatic dissection. After completion of gastric resection, the anvil of a circular stapling device was placed in the esophageal stump. An 8-cm minilaparotomy then was performed, and the 12-cm pouch was created extracorporeally in the “reverse U” fashion. The stapled pouch-esophagostomy was performed under laparoscopic monitoring. The remainder of the procedure was accomplished under direct vision.
All cases were managed laparoscopically without any complications. The mean operating time was 407 min, and the blood loss was 279 ml. All the patients showed rapid and uneventful recovery. Postoperative studies, including dual scintigraphy, showed that all jejunal pouches were satisfactorily functioning.
This study showed LATG/JPI to be feasible and safe. With technical modifications, LATG/JPI can become a potentially effective option for improving patients’ quality of life after total gastrectomy.
KeywordsJejunal pouch interposition Laparoscopic surgery Pouch function Reconstruction Total gastrectomy