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Laparoscopic suture rectopexy in the treatment of persisting rectal prolapse in children

A preliminary report
  • A. Koivusalo
  • M. Pakarinen
  • R. Rintala
Original Article

Abstract

Background

The repair of choice for persistent rectal prolapse (PRP) in children is disputed. Laparoscopic suture rectopexy (LSRP) is effective in adults, but its usefulness in pediatric PRP is unknown. We compared LSRP with posterosagittal rectopexy (PSRP).

Methods

Sixteen children, with a median age of 6.5 years (range, 0.8–16.8) and duration of symptoms of 2.8 years (range, 0.5–10.2), underwent surgery for PRP. Eight (1991–2000) had PSRP, and eight (2002–2005) had LSRP. Three patients with LSRP were healthy; the others had mental retardation and epilepsy (n = 1), cerebral palsy (n = 1), Aspeger’s syndrome (n = 1), meningomyelocele (n = 1), and bladder extrophy (n = 1). Preoperative cologram (n = 6), sigmoideoscopy (n = 3), and anorectal manometry (n = 2) were normal in patients with LSRP. In LSRP, the rectum was mobilized and sutured to the sacral periosteum.

Results

Median operation time for LSRP was 80 min (range, 62–90) and for PSRP 40 min (range, 25–70) (p < 0.05); median hospital time was 6 days (range, 3–8) for LSRP and 6 days (range, 3–9) for PSRP (not significant). Six patients with LSRP had a median follow-up of 13 months (range, 4–24). None have had recurrences, and two patients (33%) require laxatives. Of the patients with PSRP, two (25%) had recurrence and underwent abdominal rectopexy with sigmoid resection.

Conclusion

Medium-term results indicate that LSPR is effective in pediatric PRP. Constipation is the only postoperative problem in a significant proportion of patients.

Keywords

Rectal prolapse Laparoscopy Rectopexy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of HelsinkiFinland

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