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Laparoscopic management of median arcuate ligament syndrome

  • A. M. Carbonell
  • K. W. Kercher
  • B. T. Heniford
  • B. D. MatthewsEmail author
Multimedia article

Abstract

Median arcuate ligament syndrome is a rare disorder resulting from luminal narrowing of the celiac artery by the insertion of the diaphragmatic muscle fibers or fibrous bands of the celiac nervous plexus [1, 3]. The syndrome is characterized by weight loss, postprandial abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and an epigastric bruit [2]. Surgical management entails complete division of the median arcuate ligament [4]. The video demonstrates the laparoscopic release of the median arcuate ligament in a patient with median arcuate ligament syndrome.

The patient is a 22-year-old male with a 6-month history of epigastric abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, a 140-lb. weight loss, and an epigastric bruit on physical exam. Aortography demonstrated a ≥90% extrinsic compression of the celiac artery. A full laparoscopic skeletonization of the celiac artery and branch vessels was performed. Intraoperative duplex U/S demonstrated flow rate reduction after the median arcuate ligament release. A postoperative CT angiogram demonstrated no residual stenosis. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 3 and remained asymptomatic after 7 months of follow-up.

Laparoscopic release of the median arcuate ligament is a novel approach to the management of celiac artery compression syndrome [2]. The role of minimally invasive techniques to manage median arcuate ligament syndrome is evolving but they appear to be a safe alternative to open surgery.

Keywords

Median arcuate ligament Celiac artery compression Syndrome Stenosis Surgery Laparoscopy 

References

  1. 1.
    Lindner, HH, Kemprud, E 1971A clinicoanatomical study of the arcuate ligament of the diaphragmArch Surg103600605PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Roayaie, S, Jossart, G, Gitlitz, D, Lamparello, P, Hollier, L, Gagner, M 2000Laparoscopic release of celiac artery compression syndrome facilitated by laparoscopic ultrasound scanning to confirm restoration of flowJ Vasc Surg32814817PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Snyder, MA, Mahoney, EB, Rob, CG 1967Symptomatic celiac artery stenosis due to constriction by the neurofibrous tissue of the celiac ganglionSurgery61372376PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Takach, TJ, Livesay, JJ, Reul, GJ, Cooley, DA 1996Celiac compression syndrome: tailored therapy based on intraoperative findingsJ Am Coll Surg183606610PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Carbonell
    • 1
  • K. W. Kercher
    • 1
  • B. T. Heniford
    • 1
  • B. D. Matthews
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Carolinas Laparoscopic and Advanced Surgery Program, Department of General SurgeryCarolinas Medical CenterCharlotteUSA
  2. 2.Washington University, Department of SurgerySt. LouisUSA

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