A prospective randomized trial on comparison of low-pressure (LP) and standard-pressure (SP) pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic cholecystectomy
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- Barczyński, M. & Herman, R. Surg Endosc (2003) 17: 533. doi:10.1007/s00464-002-9121-2
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Aim: This study aimed to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of LP (7 mmHg) in comparison to SP (12 mm Hg) pneumoperitoneum in a prospective randomized clinical trial. Materials and Methods: 148 consecutive patients qualified for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) due to uncomplicated symptomatic gallstones were randomized to either SPLC or LPLC. All the procedures were performed by the same experienced team of surgeons. The statistical analysis included sex, mean age, body mass index, ASA grade, operative time, complication rate, conversion rate, postoperative pain assessed by the Visual Analogue Scale of Pain (VAS) including the incidence of shoulder-tip pain, postoperative hospital stay, recovery time, and the quality of life (QOL) within 7 days following the operation. p <0.05 was considered as indicative of significance. Results: Neither conversion to an open procedure nor major complications occurred in either group. The operative time was similar in both groups (LP 55.7 ± 8.6 min vs SP 51.9 ± 8.3 min). The mean postoperative pain score was 6.18 ± 3.48 lower after LP than SPLC and the difference amounted to 22.2% (p <0.005). The incidence of shoulder-tip pain was 2.1 times lower after LP than SPLC (p <0.05). QOL within 7 days following the operation was remarkably better after LPLC than after SPLC (p <0.01). Conclusions: LP pneumoperitoneum is superior to SP pneumoperitoneum in terms of lower postoperative pain, a lower incidence of shoulder-tip pain, and a better QOL within 5 days following the operation. LP should be used for LC in cases of uncomplicated symptomatic gallstones as a recommended procedure as long as an adequate exposure is obtained with this technique.