Surgical Endoscopy And Other Interventional Techniques

, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp 1356–1361 | Cite as

Iatrogenic bile duct injuries

  • P. R. Savassi-Rocha
  • S. R. Almeida
  • M. D. Sanches
  • M. A. C. Andrade
  • J. T. Frerreira
  • M. T. C. Diniz
  • A. L. S. Rocha
Original article


Background: The real incidence of bile duct injury (BDI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is not known. Methods: Using questionnaires, we analyzed 91,232 LC performed by 170 surgical units in Brazil between 1990 and 1997. Results: A total of 167 BDI occurred (0.18%); the most frequent were Bismuth type 1 injuries (67.7%). Most injuries (56.8%) occurred at the hands of surgeons who had surpassed the learning curve (50 operations). However, the incidence dropped with increasing experience; it was 0.77% at surgical departments with <50 operations vs 0.16% at departments with >500 operations. The diagnosis was made intraoperatively in 67.7%, but it was based on intraoperative cholangiography in only 19.5%. The procedure was converted to open surgery in 85.8% when the diagnosis of injury occurred intraoperatively, and laparotomy was performed in 90.7% when the injury was diagnosed postoperatively. The mean hospitalization time was 7.6 ± 5.9 days, the major complications were stenosis and fistulas, and the mortality rate was 4.2%. Conclusion: The incidence of BDI after LC is similar to that reported for the open procedure. BDI increases mortality and morbidity and prolongs hospitalization; therefore, all efforts should be made to reduce its incidence.


Laparoscopy Laparoscopic cholecystectomy Iatrogenic injury Bile duct injury 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. R. Savassi-Rocha
    • 1
  • S. R. Almeida
    • 1
  • M. D. Sanches
    • 1
  • M. A. C. Andrade
    • 1
  • J. T. Frerreira
    • 1
  • M. T. C. Diniz
    • 1
  • A. L. S. Rocha
    • 1
  1. 1.Alfa Institute of GastroenterologyUniversity Hospital, Federal University of Minas Gerais, 110 Alfredo Balena Ave., Belo Horizonte, MG, 30.220-260Brazil

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