Dysphagia, Hyperglycemia, and Presyncope
There have been over 80 documented cases of swallow syncope—a rare form of reflex or neurally mediated syncope—with most cases associated with an underlying esophageal disorder. Here, we describe the first reported case of swallow syncope or presyncope caused by an infectious esophagitis. Our 65-year-old patient initially developed dysphagia, odynophagia, and presyncope with swallowing. This lead to nutrition and medication avoidance behavior, which was followed by the development of diabetic ketoacidosis. The diagnosis of swallow presyncope was confirmed with a provocative swallow study demonstrating 8 s sinus arrest, and an underlying cause of Candida esophagitis was found by upper endoscopy. Symptoms completely resolved after treatment with micafungin.
KeywordsDeglutition Swallow Deglutition disorders Dysphagia Syncope Candida Esophagitis Diabetic ketoacidosis
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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