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Dysphagia

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 1–23 | Cite as

Systematic Review: Non-Instrumental Swallowing and Feeding Assessments in Pediatrics

  • Dani-Ella Heckathorn
  • Renée Speyer
  • Jessica Taylor
  • Reinie Cordier
Review Article

Abstract

There is a high incidence of parental reporting of abnormal swallowing and feeding function and the negative impacts thereof on children. As such there is a need for well validated assessments in the area of pediatric swallowing and feeding. While instrumental assessments are well validated, there is limited information available to guide the selection and use of non-instrumental assessments for swallowing and feeding function. The aim of this study was to identify and report on non-instrumental assessments available to clinicians for pediatric swallowing and/or feeding function in order to support clinical decision making. A systematic literature search was performed by two independent reviewers using Medline and Embase databases, to find non-instrumental assessments for pediatric swallowing and feeding function. Published assessments were also included in the study by searching well-known publishers and relevant feeding and swallowing textbooks. Assessments were summarized and evaluated according to respondent type, target populations, assessment design, domains of assessment and scoring. Thirty assessments were included in the final review. All assessments had either caregiver or clinician respondents. There was high variability in target populations, assessment designs and areas of assessment. Twenty-four of the 30 assessments did not provide instruction for scoring or interpreting scores. There is high variability among the many assessments available to clinicians in the area of feeding and swallowing function in pediatrics. There appears to be limited information available on the validity and reliability of these assessments. Thus, most assessments need to be used with caution. Further research is needed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the assessments.

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Cerebral Palsy Oropharyngeal Dysphagia Oral Motor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AEPS

Assessment, Evaluation, and Programming System for Infants and Children—Second Edition

ASD

Autism spectrum disorder

AYCE

About Your Child’s Eating

BAMBI

Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory

BAMF-OMD

Brief Assessment of Motor Function (Oral Motor Deglutition scale)

BASOFF

Behavioral assessment scale of oral functions in feeding

BED

Bedside Evaluation of Dysphagia—Revised Edition

CCITSN

Carolina Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers with Special Needs

CCTI

Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory

CEBI

Children’s Eating Behavior Inventory

CEBQ

Children’s Eating Behavior Questionnaire

CFQ

Child Feeding Questionnaire

CMFBQ

Child Mealtime Feeding Behavior Questionnaire

CTCAE

Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events

DASH-3

Developmental Assessment for Individuals with Severe Disabilities—Third Edition

DAYC-2

Developmental Assessment of Young Children—Second Edition

DEP

Dysphagia Evaluation Protocol

DDS

Dysphagia Disorder Survey or Dysphagia Disorders Survey

DINE

Dyadic Interaction Nomenclature for Eating

DSFS

Drooling Severity and Frequency Scale

EFS

Early Feeding Skills Assessment

FES

Family Environment Scale

FDA-2

Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment—Second Edition

FSQ

Feeding and Swallowing Questionnaire

FSQ

Feeding Strategies Questionnaire

GVA

Gisel Video Assessment

IFSQ

Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire

IFTI

Infant-Toddler and Family Instrument

MFP

Multidisciplinary Feeding Profile

NOMAS

Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale

NR

Not Reported

OAG

Oral Assessment Guide for children and young people

OD

Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

OMAS

Oral Motor Assessment Scale

PASSFP

Pediatric Assessment Scale for Severe Feeding Problems

PIBBS

Preterm Infant Breastfeeding Behavior Scale (revised)

PMAS

Parent Mealtime Action Scale

PRISMA

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)

PSAS

Pre-Speech Assessment Scale

QoL

Quality of Life

SAFE

Swallowing Ability and Function Evaluation

SAIB

Systematic Assessment of the Infant at Breast

SOMA

Schedule for Oral Motor Assessment

STEP-Child

Screening Tool of Feeding Problems, modified for children

SWAL-QoL

Swallowing Quality of Life Questionnaire (adapted for use with pediatric patients)

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dani-Ella Heckathorn
    • 1
  • Renée Speyer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jessica Taylor
    • 1
  • Reinie Cordier
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Healthcare SciencesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck SurgeryLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.School of Occupational Therapy and Social WorkCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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