Quantification of Intraoral Pressures During Nutritive Sucking: Methods with Normal Infants
- 321 Downloads
We report quantitative measurements of ten parameters of nutritive sucking behavior in 91 normal full-term infants obtained using a novel device (an Orometer) and a data collection/analytical system (Suck Editor). The sucking parameters assessed include the number of sucks, mean pressure amplitude of sucks, mean frequency of sucks per second, mean suck interval in seconds, sucking amplitude variability, suck interval variability, number of suck bursts, mean number of sucks per suck burst, mean suck burst duration, and mean interburst gap duration. For analyses, test sessions were divided into 4 × 2-min segments. In single-study tests, 36 of 60 possible comparisons of ten parameters over six pairs of 2-min time intervals showed a p value of 0.05 or less. In 15 paired tests in the same infants at different ages, 33 of 50 possible comparisons of ten parameters over five time intervals showed p values of 0.05 or less. Quantification of nutritive sucking is feasible, showing statistically valid results for ten parameters that change during a feed and with age. These findings suggest that further research, based on our approach, may show clinical value in feeding assessment, diagnosis, and clinical management.
KeywordsInfant feeding Nutritive sucking Oral-motor function Orometer Suck Editor Deglutition Deglutition disorders
This work was supported by an SBIR grant (No. R43 HD-38234) to Metabolic Nutritionals from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
Conflict of interest
N. Buist and S. Buckley jointly hold a patent for the Orometer. It has not been assigned to any company.
- 2.Arvedson JC, Brodsky L. Pediatric swallowing and feeding: assessment and management. 2nd ed. Sydney: Singular Thomson Learning; 2002.Google Scholar
- 5.Palmer MM, Heyman MB. Developmental outcome for neonates with dysfunctional and disorganized sucking patterns: preliminary findings. Infant Toddler Interv. 1999;9:299–308.Google Scholar
- 8.Fung EB, Samson-Fang L, Stallings VA, Conaway M, Liptak G, Henderson RC, Worley G, O’Donnell M, Calvert R, Rosenbaum P, Chumlea W, Stevenson RD. Feeding dysfunction is associated with poor growth and health status in children with cerebral palsy. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002;102:361–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 9.March of Dimes. New report from the March of Dimes about the cost of pre-term birth. White Plains: March of Dimes; 2009.Google Scholar
- 26.Buist NRM, Lang WC, Buckley S, Geary A, Adams E, Winter SC, Evered J, Rogers BR. Quantification of nutritive sucking: a new approach to developmental assessment? In: 11th International congress for inborn errors of metabolism, Society of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, San Diego, CA, August 29–September 2, 2009.Google Scholar
- 30.Skuse D, Wolke D, Reilly S. SOMA: Schedule for oral motor assessment. London: Whurr; 2000.Google Scholar