A Randomized Algorithm for Triangulating a Simple Polygon in Linear Time
We describe a randomized algorithm for computing the trapezoidal decomposition of a simple polygon. Its expected running time is linear in the size of the polygon. By a well-known and simple linear time reduction, this implies a linear time algorithm for triangulating a simple polygon. Our algorithm is considerably simpler than Chazelle’s  celebrated optimal deterministic algorithm. The new algorithm can be viewed as a combination of Chazelle’s algorithm and of simple nonoptimal randomized algorithms due to Clarkson et al. , ,  and to Seidel . As in Chazelle’s algorithm, it is indispensable to include a bottom-up preprocessing phase, in addition to the actual top-down construction. An essential new idea is the use of random sampling on subchains of the initial polygonal chain, rather than on individual edges as is normally done.