Error Compensation in Leaf Power Problems
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The k-Leaf Power recognition problem is a particular case of graph power problems: For a given graph it asks whether there exists an unrooted tree—the k-leaf root—with leaves one-to-one labeled by the graph vertices and where the leaves have distance at most k iff their corresponding vertices in the graph are connected by an edge. Here we study "error correction" versions of k-Leaf Power recognition—that is, adding or deleting at most l edges to generate a graph that has a k-leaf root. We provide several NP-completeness results in this context, and we show that the NP-complete Closest 3-Leaf Power problem (the error correction version of 3-Leaf Power) is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the number of edge modifications or vertex deletions in the given graph. Thus, we provide the seemingly first nontrivial positive algorithmic results in the field of error compensation for leaf power problems with k > 2. To this end, as a result of independent interest, we develop a forbidden subgraph characterization of graphs with 3-leaf roots.
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