Deadline differentiated pricing in practice: marketing EV charging in car parks
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- Salah, F. & Flath, C.M. Comput Sci Res Dev (2016) 31: 33. doi:10.1007/s00450-014-0293-5
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Electric vehicle charging is considered as a prime case of load flexibility in future smart grids. We examine a scenario where electric vehicles are charged in a car park with local photovoltaic (PV) generation. In this setting, temporal charging flexibility can be leveraged to increase utilization of local generation. To incentivize flexible loads we apply a deadline differentiated pricing scheme. Prices are set by the car park operator in a profit-maximizing manner in settings with varying PV capacity and costs of conventional generation. This allows us to assess the value of flexibility passed on to customers in form of discounts. Furthermore, we determine the minimum flexibility level qualifying for this discount. By and large, absolute price levels and flexibility discounts are mainly driven by the cost of conventional generation. On the other hand, the minimum flexibility requirements are affected by both the costs of conventional generation as well as the local PV capacity: higher costs of conventional generation as well as larger PV capacities will decrease this threshold.