Bioprocess Engineering

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 289–291 | Cite as

Evaluation of ethanol evaporation losses in acetic acid fermentations

  • L. E. Romero
  • D. Cantero
Article

Abstract

Three different operation systems have been employed at laboratory, pilot plant and industrial scales. Developed experimentation has demonstrated that quantified ethanol losses minimize significantly when operating at low temperatures with low aerations and when mainly working with the closed system.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. E. Romero
    • 1
  • D. Cantero
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological and Enzymatic Reactors Research Group, Department of Chemical Engineering, Food Technology and Environmental Technologies, Faculty of Sciences, University of Cadiz, 11510. Puerto Real Cadiz, Spain e-mail: luisenrique.romero@uca.esES

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