Synthesis of a green polyurethane foam from a biopolyol obtained by enzymatic glycerolysis and its use for immobilization of lipase NS-40116
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The use of green sources for materials synthesis has gained popularity in recent years. This work investigated the immobilization of lipase NS-40116 (Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase) in polyurethane foam (PUF) using a biopolyol obtained through the enzymatic glycerolysis between castor oil and glycerol, catalyzed by the commercial lipase Novozym 435 for the PUF formation. The reaction was performed to obtain biopolyol resulting in the conversion of 64% in mono- and diacylglycerol, promoting the efficient use of the reaction product as biopolyol to obtain polyurethane foam. The enzymatic derivative with immobilized lipase NS-40116 presented apparent density of 0.19 ± 0.03 g/cm3 and an immobilization yield was 94 ± 4%. Free and immobilized lipase NS-40116 were characterized in different solvents (methanol, ethanol, and propanol), temperatures (20, 40, 60 and 80 °C), pH (3, 5, 7, 9 and 11) and presence of ions Na+, Mg++, and Ca++. The support provided higher stability to the enzyme, mainly when subjected to acid pH (free lipase lost 80% of relative activity after 360 h of contact, when the enzymatic derivative lost around 22%) and high-temperature free lipase lost 50% of relative activity, while the immobilized remained 95%. The enzymatic derivative was also used for esterification reactions and conversions around 66% in fatty acid methyl esters, using abdominal chicken fat as feedstock, were obtained in the first use, maintaining this high conversion until the fourth reuse, proving that the support obtained using environmentally friendly techniques is applicable.
KeywordsBiopolyol Polyurethane foam Lipase immobilization Lipase NS-40116 Biocatalysis Environmental biotechnology
The authors thank the financial support of Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; Laboratório Central de Microscopia Eletrônica of Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina for scanning electron microscopy images; and The Dow Chemical Company® who kindly provided polymeric diisocyanate.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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