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Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 187–198 | Cite as

Role of zinc oxide nanoparticles for effluent treatment using Pseudomonas putida and Pseudomonas aureofaciens

  • Dharmesh H. Sur
  • Mausumi MukhopadhyayEmail author
Research Paper
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

The biological treatment of textile effluent is enhanced by the use of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles for the reduction in chemical oxygen demand (COD) from its initial value of 1700 ppm. The present research investigated the effect of ZnO nanoparticles when microbial cultures of Pseudomonas putida and Pseudomonas aureofaciens were used to treat textile effluent in three-phase inverse fluidized bed bioreactor. The parameters like—size of ZnO nanoparticles, static bed height, superficial gas velocities and solid media particle size—together affected the COD reduction and all of these were investigated in this paper. ZnO nanoparticles of 280 nm reduced the maximum COD to 47 ppm (97.24%) at low gas velocity of 0.0027 m/s at 10% inoculum size and at a static bed height of 2.43 cm.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Zinc oxide nanoparticles Aerobic treatment COD reduction Three-phase inverse fluidized bed bioreactor Textile effluent 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Mr. Dharmesh H Sur acknowledges the help provided by Dr. Jaysukh Marakana and Mr. Chirag Savaliya of Department of Nanotechnology, V V P Engineering College, Rajkot. The author remains grateful for the support provided by the management of V V P Engineering College, Rajkot, Gujarat (India).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

This manuscript is the authors’ original work and has not been published nor has it been submitted simultaneously elsewhere. All authors have checked the manuscript and have agreed to the submission.

Supplementary material

449_2018_2024_MOESM1_ESM.doc (3.2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 3260 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringSardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of TechnologySuratIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyV. V. P. Engineering CollegeRajkotIndia

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