Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 937–944 | Cite as

Fuzzy logic feedback control for fed-batch enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass

  • Chao Tai
  • Diego S. Voltan
  • Deepak R. KeshwaniEmail author
  • George E. Meyer
  • Pankaj S. Kuhar
Original Paper


A fuzzy logic feedback control system was developed for process monitoring and feeding control in fed-batch enzymatic hydrolysis of a lignocellulosic biomass, dilute acid-pretreated corn stover. Digested glucose from hydrolysis reaction was assigned as input while doser feeding time and speed of pretreated biomass were responses from fuzzy logic control system. Membership functions for these three variables and rule-base were created based on batch hydrolysis data. The system response was first tested in LabVIEW environment then the performance was evaluated through real-time hydrolysis reaction. The feeding operations were determined timely by fuzzy logic control system and efficient responses were shown to plateau phases during hydrolysis. Feeding of proper amount of cellulose and maintaining solids content was well balanced. Fuzzy logic proved to be a robust and effective online feeding control tool for fed-batch enzymatic hydrolysis.


Fuzzy logic Enzymatic hydrolysis Feedback control Bioconversion Biofuels 



This work was carried out with funding from a strategic research grant from the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources at the University of Nebraska. The authors would like to thank Novozymes North America Inc. for providing CTec2 and Mr. Aaron Engel for considerable help of LabVIEW programming.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Tai
    • 1
  • Diego S. Voltan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Deepak R. Keshwani
    • 1
    Email author
  • George E. Meyer
    • 1
  • Pankaj S. Kuhar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological Systems EngineeringUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  2. 2.Rural Engineering Department, College of Agricultural SciencesSão Paulo State UniversityBotucatuBrazil

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