Advertisement

Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

, Volume 37, Issue 12, pp 2425–2436 | Cite as

A novel cleaning process for industrial production of xylose in pilot scale from corncob by using screw-steam-explosive extruder

  • Hong-Jia Zhang
  • Xiao-Guang Fan
  • Xue-Liang Qiu
  • Qiu-Xiang Zhang
  • Wen-Ya WangEmail author
  • Shuang-Xi Li
  • Li-Hong Deng
  • Mattheos A. G. Koffas
  • Dong-Sheng Wei
  • Qi-Peng YuanEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Steam explosion is the most promising technology to replace conventional acid hydrolysis of lignocellulose for biomass pretreatment. In this paper, a new screw-steam-explosive extruder was designed and explored for xylose production and lignocellulose biorefinery at the pilot scale. We investigated the effect of different chemicals on xylose yield in the screw-steam-explosive extrusion process, and the xylose production process was optimized as followings: After pre-impregnation with sulfuric acid at 80 °C for 3 h, corncob was treated at 1.55 MPa with 9 mg sulfuric acid/g dry corncob (DC) for 5.5 min, followed by countercurrent extraction (3 recycles), decoloration (activated carbon dosage 0.07 g/g sugar, 75 °C for 40 min), and ion exchange (2 batches). Using this process, 3.575 kg of crystal xylose was produced from 22 kg corncob, almost 90 % of hemicellulose was released as monomeric sugar, and only a small amount of by-products was released (formic acid, acetic acid, fural, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, and phenolic compounds were 0.17, 1.14, 0.53, 0.19, and 1.75 g/100 g DC, respectively). All results indicated that the screw-steam-explosive extrusion provides a more effective way to convert hemicellulose into xylose and could be an alternative method to traditional sulfuric acid hydrolysis process for lignocellulose biorefinery.

Keywords

Xylose Pilot scale Steam explosion Cleaning process Extrusion 

Abbreviations

SSEE

Screw-steam-explosive extrusion

DC

Dry corncob

TSAH

Traditional sulfuric acid hydrolysis

HMF

Hydroxymethylfurfural

RSM

Response surface methodology

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

CI

Crystallinity index

HPLC

High-performance liquid chromatography

FC

Folin–Ciocalteu

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are indebted to the National High-tech Research and Development Program (2012AA022303, 2014AA021906, 2014AA021903) and the National Natural Science Foundation (31170076) for their generous financial supports.

Supplementary material

449_2014_1219_MOESM1_ESM.doc (500 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 499 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Saha BC (2003) Hemicellulose bioconversion. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 30:279–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rafiqul ISM, Sakinah AMM (2012) Design of process parameters for the production of xylose from wood sawdust. Chem Eng Res Des 90:1307–1312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xu P, Lou M (2012) Xylose : Production, Consumption, and Health Benefits. Nova Science Pub Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mussatto SI, Roberto IC (2004) Alternatives for detoxification of diluted-acid lignocellulosic hydrolyzates for use in fermentative processes: a review. Bioresour Technol 93:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang L, Yang M, Fan XG, Zhu XT, Xu T, Yuan QP (2011) An environmentally friendly and efficient method for xylitol bioconversion with high-temperature steaming corncob hydrolysate by adapted Candida tropicalis. Process Biochem 46:1619–1626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cheng KK, Liu Q, Zhang JA, Li JP, Xu JM, Wang GH (2010) Improved 2,3-butanediol production from corncob acid hydrolysate by fed-batch. Process Biochem 45:613–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shah R, Clausen E, Gaddy J (1984) Production of chemical feedstocks from biomass. Chem Eng Prog 80:76–80Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Carvalheiro F, Duarte L, Girio F (2008) Hemicellulose biorefineries: a review on biomass pretreatments. J Sci Ind Res India 67:849–864Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Caraa C, Ruiza E (2008) Production of fuel ethanol from steam-explosion pretreated olive tree pruning. Fuel 87:692–700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sun XF, Xu F, Sun RC, Geng ZC, Fowler P, Baird MS (2005) Characteristics of degraded hemicellulosic polymers obtained from steam exploded wheat straw. Carbohydr Polym 60:15–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Emmel A, Mathias A, Wypych F, Ramos L (2003) Fractionation of Eucalyptus grandis chips by dilute acid-catalysed steam explosion. Bioresour Technol 86:105–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chen HZ, Liu LY (2007) Unpolluted fractionation of wheat straw by steam explosion and ethanol extraction. Bioresour Technol 98:666–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Galbe M, Sassner P, Wingren A, Zacchi G (2007) Process engineering economics of bioethanol production. Adv Biochem Eng Bio 108:303–327Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Agbor V, Cicek N, Sparling R, Berlin A, DB L (2011) Biomass pretreatment: fundamentals toward application. Biotechnol Adv 29:675–685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Green M, Kimchie S, AI M, Rugg B, Shelef G (1988) Utilization of municipal solid wastes (MSW) for alcohol production. Biol Waste. 4:285–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Noon R, Hochstetler T (1982) Production of alcohol fuels via acid hydrolysis extrusion technology. Fuel Alcohol 4:14–23Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kadam K, Chin C, Brown L (2009) Continuous biomass fractionation process for producing ethanol and low-molecular-weight lignin. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 28:89–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chen WH, Xu YY, Hwang WS, Wang JB (2011) Pretreatment of rice straw using an extrusion/extraction process at bench-scale for producing cellulosic ethanol. Bioresour Technol 102:10451–10458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Alvira P, Tomás-Pejó E, Ballesteros M, Negro MJ (2010) Pretreatment technologies for an efficient bioethanol production process based on enzymatic hydrolysis: a review. Bioresour Technol 101:4851–4861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ng TH(2013)Twin screw extrusion pre-treatment of wheat straw for biofuel and lignin biorefinery applications. PhD thesis. Brunel University, School of EngineeringGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Laboratory NRE (2012) Determination of Structural Carbohydrates and Lignin in Biomass. BiblioGovGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gullón P, González-Muñoz MJ, van Gool MP, Schols HA (2010) Production, refining, structural characterization and fermentability of rice husk Xylooligosaccharides. J Agric Food Chem 58:3632–3641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    De Bari I, Nanna F, Braccio G (2007) SO2-catalyzed steam fractionation of aspen chips for bioethanol production: optimization of the catalyst impregnation. Ind Eng Chem Res 46:7711–7720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ruiz E, Cara C, Manzanares P, Ballesteros M, Castro E (2008) Evaluation of steam explosion pre-treatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of sunflower stalks. Enzyme Microb Technol 42:160–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Teng C, Yan Q, Jiang Z, Fan G, Shi B (2010) Production of xylooligosaccharides from the steam explosion liquor of corncobs coupled with enzymatic hydrolysis using a thermostable xylanase. Bioresour Technol 101:7679–7682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mussatto S, Roberto I (2004) Optimal experimental condition for hemicellulosic hydrolyzate treatment with activated charcoal for xylitol production. Biotechnol Prog 20:134–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Parajó JC, Domínguez H, Domínguez JM (1996) Charcoal adsorption of wood hydrolysates for improving their fermentability: influence of the operational conditions. Bioresour Technol 57:179–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong-Jia Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiao-Guang Fan
    • 1
  • Xue-Liang Qiu
    • 2
  • Qiu-Xiang Zhang
    • 3
  • Wen-Ya Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shuang-Xi Li
    • 3
  • Li-Hong Deng
    • 4
  • Mattheos A. G. Koffas
    • 5
  • Dong-Sheng Wei
    • 6
  • Qi-Peng Yuan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Life Science and TechnologyBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Research Center of Futaste Pharmaceutical Co. LtdYuchengChina
  3. 3.College of Mechanic and Electronic EngineeringBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina
  4. 4.College of Material Science and TechnologyBeijing Forest UniversityBeijingChina
  5. 5.Department of Chemical and Biological EngineeringRensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroyUSA
  6. 6.Department of Microbiology, College of Life ScienceNankai UniversityTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations