Biotreatment of phenol-contaminated wastewater in a spiral packed-bed bioreactor

Original Paper


A spiral packed-bed bioreactor inoculated with microorganisms obtained from activated sludge was used to conduct a feasibility study for phenol removal. The reactor was operated continuously at various phenol loadings ranging from 53 to 201.4 g m−3 h−1, and at different hydraulic retention times (HRT) in the range of 20–180 min to estimate the performance of the device. The results indicated that phenol removal efficiency ranging from 82.9 to 100% can be reached when the reactor is operated at an HRT of 1 h and a phenol loading of less than 111.9 g m−3 h−1. At an influent phenol concentration of 201.4 g m−3, the removal efficiency increased from 18.6 to 76.9% with an increase in the HRT (20–120 min). For treatment of phenol in the reactor, the maximum biodegradation rate (V m) was 1.82 mg l−1 min−1; the half-saturation constant (K s), 34.95 mg l−1.


Biodegradation kinetics Phenol Spiral packed-bed bioreactor 

List of symbols


phenol concentrations at inlet (g m−3)


phenol concentrations at outlet (g m−3)


first order reaction rate constant (h−1)


half saturation constant (g m−3)


liquid flow rate (m3 h−1)


hydraulic retention time (h)


effective volume (m3)


maximum degradation rate (g m−3 h−1)



The authors wish to express appreciation to Dr. Cheryl J. Rutledge, Department of English, Da-Yeh University, for her editorial assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Safety, Health and Environmental EngineeringNational Yunlin University of Science and TechnologyYunlinTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.Graduate School of Engineering Science and TechnologyNational Yunlin University of Science and TechnologyYunlinTaiwan, ROC
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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