Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp 419–426 | Cite as

Kinetics of infective juvenile production of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae in submerged monoxenic culture

  • Norberto Chavarría-HernándezEmail author
  • Marco-Antonio Islas-López
  • Gabriela Maciel-Vergara
  • Martha Gayosso-Canales
  • Adriana-Inés Rodríguez-Hernández
Original Paper


The effects of culture medium formulations on the kinetics of infective juvenile (IJ) production of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae in submerged monoxenic culture, were studied at the cylindrical-bottle scale using six culture media containing agave juice from Agave spp. among other ingredients. The IJ production kinetics was well modelled through a re-parameterised 3-parameter Gompertz model with kinetic parameters: IJ-lag phase λ IJ (day), maximum IJ-stage production rate m max (day−1), and IJ-multiplication factor (C IJ/C IJ,0)max(−). The variation of λ IJ was not very important within fermentations (10.3–16.2 days); nonetheless, important effects were observed on m max (32.8–241.2 days−1) and (C IJ/C IJ,0)max (66(−) to 611.4(−)). Particularly, maximum values of m max and (C IJ/C IJ,0)max were obtained in medium A4 (0.276 l l−1 agave juice, 17 g l−1 yeast extract, 12 g l−1 dried egg yolk, 0.025 l l−1 corn oil). Also, the maximum IJ concentration (249,444 per ml) was achieved in A4-fermentations.


Bio-insecticides Nematode mass production Culture medium Agave juice Kinetics modelling 



total nematode concentration (individuals ml−1)


infective juvenile stage concentration (individuals ml−1)


initial infective juvenile stage concentration (individuals ml−1)


maximum infective juvenile stage concentration (individuals ml−1)


dimensionless infective juvenile stage concentration (−)


infective juvenile stage multiplication factor (−)

[d(CIJ/CIJ,0)/dt]max or mmax

maximum infective juvenile stage production rate (day−1)


infective juvenile stage lag time (day)


minimum infective juvenile stage lag time (day)


maximum infective juvenile stage lag time (day)



The authors thank financial support of Fondos Mixtos-Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología-Gobierno del Estado de Hidalgo, México (Grant 200201-9206), and PIFI P/CA-3 2006-14-04 “Consolidación del Cuerpo Académico de Biotecnología Agroalimentaria”. Many thanks to Ometeotl-AC, Tlaxcala, México, for the agave juice supply. Technical assistance of R. Sanjuan-Galindo and molecular identification of the symbiotic bacterium by the group of Dr. Wacher-Rodarte are deeply acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norberto Chavarría-Hernández
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marco-Antonio Islas-López
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriela Maciel-Vergara
    • 1
  • Martha Gayosso-Canales
    • 1
  • Adriana-Inés Rodríguez-Hernández
    • 1
  1. 1.Cuerpo Académico de Biotecnología Agroalimentaria. Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos del Instituto de Ciencias AgropecuariasUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de HidalgoHidalgoMéxico
  2. 2.Universidad de la CañadaOaxacaMéxico

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