Bulletin of Volcanology

, 82:5 | Cite as

Clinopyroxene growth rates at high pressure: constraints on magma recharge of the deep reservoir of the Campi Flegrei Volcanic District (south Italy)

  • B. BonechiEmail author
  • C. Perinelli
  • M. Gaeta
Research Article


Clinopyroxene growth rates were experimentally determined in a K-basaltic rock from Campi Flegrei Volcanic District (south Italy). The primary objective was to provide constraints on the clinopyroxene crystallization kinetics at high pressure: we carried out a series of experiments at 0.8 GPa, 1030–1250 °C, 1 ≤ H2O ≤ 4 wt.%, with durations of 0.25, 3, 6 and 9 h. Overall, growth rate reaches a maximum value in the shortest experiments (~ 3·10−7 cm·s−1), decreasing to ~ 1·10−8 cm·s−1 in the longest duration runs. Temperature and water content do not seem to significantly affect the growth rate. Moreover, partition coefficients based on the crystal-liquid exchange show that mineral chemistry progressively approaches equilibrium with increasing run duration. Furthermore, to estimate the magma recharge of the deep reservoirs, we combined the determined growth rates with data from thermobarometry and from crystal size distribution analyses of clinopyroxenes in the most primitive scoria clasts of the Campi Flegrei Volcanic District (CFVD). We obtained a minimum residence time of ~ 5 months for the larger clinopyroxene population, and an ascent velocity of ~ 0.5·10−4 m·s−1 for the CFVD K-basaltic magma. The smaller clinopyroxene phenocrysts and microlite populations, however, suggest that the late stage of Procida magma crystallization took place in disequilibrium conditions.


Crystal growth rate Alkaline basalt Clinopyroxene Crystal size distribution Chamber residence time Campi Flegrei 



We warmly thank the executive editor A. Harris, the associate editor K.V. Cashman and the reviewer F. Arzilli for their constructive comments that significantly improved our paper. We thank Luca Ziberna (BGI Bayreuth) for preparing APR16GL sample, M. Albano (CNR-IGAG) for help in electronic backscattered images and M. Serracino (CNR-IGAG) for help in EMP analyses. This research has been conducted with the financial support of the HP-HT Laboratory of the Earth Sciences Department, Sapienza University of Rome.

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© International Association of Volcanology & Chemistry of the Earth's Interior 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraSapienza Università di RomaRomeItaly

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