Bulletin of Volcanology

, 79:65 | Cite as

Isotopically (δ13C and δ18O) heavy volcanic plumes from Central Andean volcanoes: a field study

  • C. Ian Schipper
  • Yves Moussallam
  • Aaron Curtis
  • Nial Peters
  • Talfan Barnie
  • Philipson Bani
  • H. J. Jost
  • Doug Hamilton
  • Alessandro Aiuppa
  • Giancarlo Tamburello
  • Gaetano Giudice
Research Article

Abstract

Stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen in volcanic gases are key tracers of volatile transfer between Earth’s interior and atmosphere. Although important, these data are available for few volcanoes because they have traditionally been difficult to obtain and are usually measured on gas samples collected from fumaroles. We present new field measurements of bulk plume composition and stable isotopes (δ13CCO2 and δ18OH2O+CO2) carried out at three northern Chilean volcanoes using MultiGAS and isotope ratio infrared spectroscopy. Carbon and oxygen in magmatic gas plumes of Lastarria and Isluga volcanoes have δ13C in CO2 of +0.76‰ to +0.77‰ (VPDB), similar to slab carbonate; and δ18O in the H2O + CO2 system ranging from +12.2‰ to +20.7‰ (VSMOW), suggesting significant contributions from altered slab pore water and carbonate. The hydrothermal plume at Tacora has lower δ13CCO2 of −3.2‰ and δ18OH2O+CO2 of +7.0‰, reflecting various scrubbing, kinetic fractionation, and contamination processes. We show the isotopic characterization of volcanic gases in the field to be a practical complement to traditional sampling methods, with the potential to remove sampling bias that is a risk when only a few samples from accessible fumaroles are used to characterize a given volcano’s volatile output. Our results indicate that there is a previously unrecognized, relatively heavy isotopic signature to bulk volcanic gas plumes in the Central Andes, which can be attributed to a strong influence from components of the subducting slab, but may also reflect some local crustal contamination. The techniques we describe open new avenues for quantifying the roles that subduction zones and arc volcanoes play in the global carbon cycle.

Keywords

Carbon isotopes Isotope ratio infrared spectroscopy Volcanic gases δ13δ18

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Ian Schipper
    • 1
  • Yves Moussallam
    • 2
  • Aaron Curtis
    • 3
  • Nial Peters
    • 2
  • Talfan Barnie
    • 4
  • Philipson Bani
    • 5
  • H. J. Jost
    • 6
  • Doug Hamilton
    • 7
  • Alessandro Aiuppa
    • 8
    • 9
  • Giancarlo Tamburello
    • 10
  • Gaetano Giudice
    • 9
  1. 1.School of Geography, Environment and Earth SciencesVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Jet Propulsion Laboratory—California Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  4. 4.Nordic Volcanological CenterInstitute of Earth SciencesReykjavikIceland
  5. 5.Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, IRD, OPGC, Laboratoire Magmas et VolcansClermont-FerrandFrance
  6. 6.Thermo Fisher ScientificReinachSwitzerland
  7. 7.Thermo Fisher ScientificBremenGermany
  8. 8.Dipartimento DiSTeMUniversity of PalermoPalermoItaly
  9. 9.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di PalermoPalermoItaly
  10. 10.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di BolognaBolognaItaly

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