Advertisement

Bulletin of Volcanology

, 78:81 | Cite as

Eruptive history of Sundoro volcano, Central Java, Indonesia since 34 ka

  • Oktory PrambadaEmail author
  • Yoji Arakawa
  • Kei Ikehata
  • Ryuta Furukawa
  • Akira Takada
  • Haryo Edi Wibowo
  • Mitsuhiro Nakagawa
  • M. Nugraha Kartadinata
Research Article

Abstract

Reconstruction of the eruptive history of Sundoro volcano is needed to forecast the probability of future eruptions and eruptive volumes. Sundoro volcano is located in Central Java (Indonesia), 65 km northwest of Yogyakarta, and in one of the most densely populated areas of Indonesia. On the basis of stratigraphy, radiocarbon dating, petrography, and whole-rock geochemistry, we recognize the following 12 eruptive groups: (1) Ngadirejo, (2) Bansari, (3) Arum, (4) Kembang, (5) Kekep, (6) Garung, (7) Kertek, (8) Watu, (9) Liyangan, (10) Kledung, (11) Summit, and (12) Sibajak. The Ngadirejo (34 ka BP) to Kledung (1 ka) eruptive groups are inferred to have been the stratovolcano building phase. Based on compositions of deposits, one or more magma reservoirs of intermediate chemical composition are inferred to have existed below the volcano during the periods of time represented by the eruptive groups. SiO2 of juvenile eruptive products ranges from 50 to 63 wt%, and K2O contents range from high K to medium K. The chemical composition and phenocryst content of eruptive products change with time. The lower SiO2 products contain mainly plagioclase, clinopyroxene, and olivine, whereas the more evolved rocks contain plagioclase, clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene, and rare hornblende and olivine. Our work has defined Sundoro’s eruptive history for the period 1–34 ka, and this history helps us to forecast future activity. We estimated that the total amount of magma discharged since 34 ka is approximately 4.4 km3. The average eruption rate over this group ranges from 0.14 to 0.17 km3/kyr. The eruption rate and the frequency of individual eruptions indicate that the volcano has been very active since 34 ka, and this activity in combination with our petrological data suggest the presence of one or more magma reservoirs that have been repeatedly filled and then discharged as eruptions have taken place. Our data further suggest that the volume of the crustal reservoir system has increased with time, such that explosive eruptions are more likely in the future and that they may be larger than the most recent small eruptions.

Keywords

Sundoro volcano Petrology medium K Eruptive group Eruption rate Volcanic history Stratigraphy Forecasting 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to John S. Pallister for the comment, checking on earlier versions of the manuscript, that significantly improved the English structure. We like to thank Dr. Christopher G. Newhall and Dr. Karen Fontijn for providing us with helpful and constructive comments. We also like to thank Dr. Stephen Self and Dr. James D.L. White for editorial handling and an anonymous associate editor from Springer for constructive suggestions. We also give great thanks to all members of our laboratory at University of Tsukuba for discussions throughout the work.

Supplementary material

445_2016_1079_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
Figure S1 Localities of 115 outcrops around Sundoro studied during extensive fieldwork in August 2014 and August 2015. Relief map generated from ASTER GDEM satellite image with 30 m pixels. (DOCX 1730 kb)
445_2016_1079_MOESM2_ESM.docx (2.2 mb)
Figure S2 Spatial morphological control for distinguishing volcanic group distribution using stereo contour map generated from ASTER GDEM images with 30 m pixels complemented by SRTMGL1 1 s-DEM of Awata (2015). Extent of lava flow and dome represented by blue line. Crater rim and erosion scarp represented by red line. Pyroclastic cone represented by yellow line. (DOCX 2265 kb)
445_2016_1079_MOESM3_ESM.docx (27 kb)
Table S1 Top ten of the largest population near active volcanoes (Small et al., 2001) (DOCX 27 kb)

References

  1. Awata Y (2015) DEM-derived stereo contour maps for visual analysis of tectonic geomorphology. Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015, Abstract, SSS28-P01Google Scholar
  2. Bacon CR (1982) Time-predictable bimodal volcanism in the Coso range, California. Geology, 10, Part 2, pp 65–69. doi:  10.1130/0091-7613
  3. Carn SA (2000) The Lamongan volcanic field, east java, Indonesia: physical volcanology, historic activity and hazards. J Volcanol and Geotherm Res 95(1–4):81–108. doi: 10.1016/S0377-0273(99)00114-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cawthorn RG (1977) Petrological aspects of the correlation between potash content of orogenic magmas and earthquake depth. Mineral Mag 41(318):173–182. doi: 10.1180/minmag.1977.041.318.04 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fierstein J, Nathenson M (1992) Another look at the calculation of fallout tephra volumes. Bull Volcanol 54(2):156–167. doi: 10.1007/BF00278005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fontijn K, Costa F, Sutawidjaja I, Newhall CG, Herrin JS (2015) A 5000-year record of multiple highly explosive mafic eruptions from Gunung Agung (Bali, Indonesia): implications for eruption frequency and volcanic hazards. Bull Volcanol 77(7):59. doi: 10.1007/s00445-015-0943-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gertisser R, Keller J (2003) Trace element and Sr, Nd, Pb and O isotope variations in medium-K and high-K volcanic rocks from Merapi volcano, central java, Indonesia: evidence for the involvement of subducted sediments in Sunda arc magma genesis. J Petrology 44(3):457–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hall, R., Clements, B., & Smyth, H. R. (2009). Sundaland: basement structure and plate tectonic development. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association, 33rd Annual Convention, IPA09-G-134., IPA09-G-13, pp. 1–26.Google Scholar
  9. Gibson S, LE MAITRE RW (eds) (2002) Igneous rocks. A classification and glossary of terms. Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the systematics of igneous rocks, xvi + 236 pp. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Hamilton, W. B. (1979) Tectonics of the Indonesian region (No. 1078). US Govt. Print. Off. pp 1–345Google Scholar
  11. Kamata H, Kobayashi T (1997) The eruptive rate and history of Kuju volcano in Japan during the past 15,000 Years. J Volcanol and Geotherm Res 76(1–2):163–171 10.1016/S0377-0273(96)00076-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Koulakov I, Jakovlev A, Luehr BG (2009) Anisotropic structure beneath central java from local earthquake tomography. J Earth Sciences (Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems) 10:2. doi: 10.1029/2008GC002109 Google Scholar
  13. Le Bas MJ, Le Maitre RW, Streckeisen A, Zanettin B (1986) A chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali-silica diagram. J Petrology 27(3):745–750. doi: 10.1093/petrology/27.3.745 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Luehr BG, Koulakov I, Rabbel W, Zschau J, Ratdomopurbo A, Brotopuspito KS, Fauzi P, Sahara DP (2013) Fluid ascent and magma storage beneath Gunung Merapi revealed by multi-scale seismic imaging. J Volcanol and Geotherm Res 261:7–19. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2013.03.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. MacDonald GA, Katsura T (1964) Chemical composition of Hawaiian lavas. J Petrology 5(1):82–133. doi: 10.1093/petrology/5.1.82 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Newhall CG, & Self S (1982) The Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI)—an estimate of explosive magnitude for historical volcanism. J Geophysical Res, Vol. 87, No. C2, pp. 1231–1238, February 20, 1982, 87(1), pp 1231–1238. Doi:  10.1029/JC087iC02p01231
  17. Pyle DM (1989) The thickness, volume and grainsize of tephra fall deposits. Bull Volcanol 51(1):1–15. doi: 10.1007/BF01086757 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Reimer PJ, Bard E, Bayliss A, Beck JW, Blackwell PG, Bronk Ramsey C, Buck CE, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Friedrich M, Grootes PM, Guilderson TP, Haflidason H, Hajdas I, Hatté C, Heaton TJ, Hoffmann DL, Hogg AG, Hughen KA, Kaiser KF, Kromer B, Manning SW, Niu M, Reimer RW, Richards DA, Scott EM, Southon JR, Staff RA, Turney CSM, van der Plicht J (2013) IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):1869–1887. doi: 10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Self S (2006) The effects and consequences of very large explosive volcanic eruptions. Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences 364(1845):2073–2097. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2006.1814 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Siebert L, Simkin L, Kimberly P (2010) Volcanoes of the world, Third edn. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., p. 89Google Scholar
  21. Siswowidjoyo S, Suryo I, Yokoyama I (1995) Magma eruption rates of Merapi volcano, central java, Indonesia during one century (1890–1992). Bull Volcanol 57(2):111–116. doi: 10.1007/BF00301401 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Small C, Naumann T (2001) The global distribution of human population and recent volcanism. Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards 3(3–4):93–109. doi: 10.1016/S1464-2867(02)00002-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sukhyar R, Erfan RD, Sumartadipura NS (1992) Peta Geologi Gunungapi Sundoro. Geologic Map of Sundoro Volcano, Central Java. Direktorat Vulkanologi, Jawa TengahGoogle Scholar
  24. Takada A, Yamamoto T, Kartadinata MN, Budianto A, Munandar A, Matsumoto A, Suto S, Venuti MC (2000) Eruptive history and magma plumbing system of Tambora volcano. Indonesia Res Volc Hazr Assess pp:42–79Google Scholar
  25. Takada A, Nasution A, Mulyana R (2003) Eruptive history during the last 10 ky for the caldera formation of Rinjani volcano, Indonesia. Abstr. Japan Earth and Planet. Sci, Joint MeetingGoogle Scholar
  26. Tjahjono BD (2010) Penelitian Penjajagan Situs Liyangan Temanggung. Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta, Badan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata. Departemen Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata internal project reportGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesEarth Evolution Science-University of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM)Geological Agency of Indonesia, Ministry of Energy and Mineral ResourcesBandungIndonesia
  3. 3.Geological Survey of Japan (GSJ)The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)IbarakiJapan
  4. 4.Division of Earth and Planetary System ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Personalised recommendations