Bulletin of Volcanology

, 78:31 | Cite as

Toward IAVCEI guidelines on the roles and responsibilities of scientists involved in volcanic hazard evaluation, risk mitigation, and crisis response

  • IAVCEI Task Group on Crisis ProtocolsEmail author
Forum Contribution


The International Association for Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI), as the representative international association of scientists working on volcanic hazard evaluations and risk mitigation, promotes sustained open discussion within the scientific community of many relevant issues, including the following:
  • how to best understand and forecast volcanic activity, the associated hazards, and contribute to risk evaluations;

  • the appropriate roles and responsibilities of scientists prior to, during, and after crises;

  • the nature of scientists’ relationships with government authorities, populations at risk, and the media;

  • the manner and extent of involvement of scientists in processes that eventually lead authorities to make decisions, the extent of the liability or vulnerability of scientists to the outcomes of these decisions, and the way that scientists’ input may be perceived and judged by others;

  • the role of national and local culture and perception of...



This document is the result of an ongoing discussion in the wide volcanological community and the benefit of brainstorming with many colleagues mostly after the 2013 IAVCEI General Assembly at Kagoshima and the 2014 Cities on Volcanoes Conference at Yogyakarta, before being publicly presented at the 2015 IUGG General Assembly in Prague. In particular, we wish to thank Joan Martì, Nobuo Geshi, Micol Todesco, Michael Ort, Gill Jolly, Carina Fearnley who at various stages significantly contributed to the discussion condensed in this document. We also thank James White for his editorial work on this document. This document can also be publicly accessed at


  1. IAVCEI Subcommittee for Crisis Protocols (Newhall C, Aramaki S, Barberi F, Blong R, Calvache M, Cheminee J-L, Punongbayan R, Siebe C, Simkin T, Sparks RSJ, Tjetjep W) (1999) Professional conduct of scientists during volcanic crises. Bull Volcanol 60:323–334Google Scholar
  2. United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction UN/ISDR (1994) Yokohama strategy and plan of action for a safer world: guidelines for natural disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation. United Nations secretariat of the UN/ISDR, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  3. UN/ISDR (2005) Building the resilience of nations and communities to disaster: an introduction to the Hyogo framework for action. Online at: Accessed Feb 2015
  4. UN/ISDR (2015) Towards a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction: building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. Online at Accessed May 2015

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Affiliated with the Commission on Volcanic Hazards and Risks

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