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Bulletin of Volcanology

, 76:786 | Cite as

The ground-based InSAR monitoring system at Stromboli volcano: linking changes in displacement rate and intensity of persistent volcanic activity

  • Federico Di Traglia
  • Emanuele Intrieri
  • Teresa Nolesini
  • Federica Bardi
  • Chiara Del Ventisette
  • Federica Ferrigno
  • Sara Frangioni
  • William Frodella
  • Giovanni Gigli
  • Alessia Lotti
  • Carlo Tacconi Stefanelli
  • Luca Tanteri
  • Davide Leva
  • Nicola Casagli
Research Article

Abstract

Stromboli volcano (Aeolian Archipelago, Southern Italy) experienced an increase in its volcanic activity from late December 2012 to March 2013, when it produced several lava overflows, major Strombolian explosions, crater-wall collapses pyroclastic density currents and intense spatter activity. An analysis of the displacement of the NE portion of the summit crater terrace and the unstable NW flank of the volcano (Sciara del Fuoco depression) has been performed with a ground-based interferometric synthetic aperture radar (GBInSAR) by dividing the monitored part of the volcano into five sectors, three in the summit vents region and two in the Sciara del Fuoco. Changes in the displacement rate were observed in sectors 2 and 3. Field and thermal surveys revealed the presence of an alignment of fumaroles confirming the existence of an area of structural discontinuity between sectors 2 and 3. High displacement rates in sector 2 are interpreted to indicate the increase in the magmastatic pressure within the shallow plumbing systems, related to the rise of the magma level within the conduits, while increased displacement rates in sector 3 are connected to the lateral expansion of the shallow plumbing system. The increases and decreases in the displacement rate registered by the GBInSAR system in the upper part of the volcano have been used as a proxy for changes in the pressure conditions in the shallow plumbing system of Stromboli volcano and hence to forecast the occurrence of phases of higher-intensity volcanic activity.

Keywords

Aeolian Archipelago GBInSAR Strombolian activity Volcano monitoring Stromboli 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work has been sponsored in part by the National Civil Protection Department (DPC) within the framework of the SAR.net2 and InGrID projects. The DPC is acknowledged for supporting the project and permitting this publication. The authors are grateful to I. Binda Rossetti and C. Rivolta (Ellegi-Lisalab) for technical support during the 2012–2013 eruptive crisis, to D. Mangione (DPC) for the crisis management, and to A. Di Roberto (INGV-Pisa) and P. Papale (INGV-Pisa) for helpful suggestions and discussions. M. Rosi (Università di Pisa) is sincerely thanked for his precious discussions and for his “faith” in the GBInSAR system. The authors are grateful to J. Tadduecci (INGV-Roma, associate editor), J.D.L. White (University of Otago, editor in chief), G. Wadge (University of Reading) and A. Bonforte (INGV-Catania-Osservatorio Etneo) for their valuable corrections and suggestions that allowed us to significantly improve the manuscript. This work is dedicated in the memory of Stefano Scibilia.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Federico Di Traglia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Emanuele Intrieri
    • 1
  • Teresa Nolesini
    • 1
  • Federica Bardi
    • 1
  • Chiara Del Ventisette
    • 1
  • Federica Ferrigno
    • 1
  • Sara Frangioni
    • 1
  • William Frodella
    • 1
  • Giovanni Gigli
    • 1
  • Alessia Lotti
    • 1
  • Carlo Tacconi Stefanelli
    • 1
  • Luca Tanteri
    • 1
  • Davide Leva
    • 3
  • Nicola Casagli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of FirenzeFirenzeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.Ellegi s.r.l. LisaLabRovello PorroItaly

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