Bulletin of Volcanology

, Volume 73, Issue 9, pp 1279–1294 | Cite as

Jom-Bolok Holocene volcanic field in the East Sayan Mts., Siberia, Russia: structure, style of eruptions, magma compositions, and radiocarbon dating

  • Alexei V. Ivanov
  • Sergei G. Arzhannikov
  • Elena I. Demonterova
  • Anastasia V. Arzhannikova
  • Lyubov A. Orlova
Research Article

Abstract

Jom-Bolok volcanic field is located in the East Sayan Mts. of Siberia (Russia), a portion of the Asian convergent zone. It is located at the boundary of the Riphean Tuva-Mongolia massif, which was probably reactivated because of the interplay between far-field tectonic stress derived from the India–Asia collision zone and extension in the south-western Baikal rift system. The volcanic field comprises a number of hawaiitic lava flows, of various lengths, which flowed down paleorivers. Flows were fed by fissure eruptions and the largest lava flow field was dated as 7,130 ± 140 cal 14C years BP using a buried organic sample found inside the associated cinder cone. This lava flow field is about 70 km long, ∼100 km2 in area, and 7.9 km3 in volume. The area and volume of this flow field ranks this eruption highly in the global record of fissure-fed effusive eruptions. This lava flow field makes up 97% of the entire Jom-Bolok volcanic field, a fact which raises a puzzling question: why and/or how did a relatively small-volume volcanic field produce such a large-volume individual eruption? A working hypothesis is that a pond of sublithospheric melt accumulated over a relatively prolonged period. This was then rapidly drained in response of tectonic changes triggered by unloading of ice in the Early Holocene.

Keywords

Holocene (effusive) volcanism Jom-Bolok volcanic field Lava flow field Siberia Radiocarbon dating 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexei V. Ivanov
    • 1
  • Sergei G. Arzhannikov
    • 1
  • Elena I. Demonterova
    • 1
  • Anastasia V. Arzhannikova
    • 1
  • Lyubov A. Orlova
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of the Earth’s Crust, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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