Bulletin of Volcanology

, Volume 73, Issue 9, pp 1279–1294 | Cite as

Jom-Bolok Holocene volcanic field in the East Sayan Mts., Siberia, Russia: structure, style of eruptions, magma compositions, and radiocarbon dating

  • Alexei V. IvanovEmail author
  • Sergei G. Arzhannikov
  • Elena I. Demonterova
  • Anastasia V. Arzhannikova
  • Lyubov A. Orlova
Research Article


Jom-Bolok volcanic field is located in the East Sayan Mts. of Siberia (Russia), a portion of the Asian convergent zone. It is located at the boundary of the Riphean Tuva-Mongolia massif, which was probably reactivated because of the interplay between far-field tectonic stress derived from the India–Asia collision zone and extension in the south-western Baikal rift system. The volcanic field comprises a number of hawaiitic lava flows, of various lengths, which flowed down paleorivers. Flows were fed by fissure eruptions and the largest lava flow field was dated as 7,130 ± 140 cal 14C years BP using a buried organic sample found inside the associated cinder cone. This lava flow field is about 70 km long, ∼100 km2 in area, and 7.9 km3 in volume. The area and volume of this flow field ranks this eruption highly in the global record of fissure-fed effusive eruptions. This lava flow field makes up 97% of the entire Jom-Bolok volcanic field, a fact which raises a puzzling question: why and/or how did a relatively small-volume volcanic field produce such a large-volume individual eruption? A working hypothesis is that a pond of sublithospheric melt accumulated over a relatively prolonged period. This was then rapidly drained in response of tectonic changes triggered by unloading of ice in the Early Holocene.


Holocene (effusive) volcanism Jom-Bolok volcanic field Lava flow field Siberia Radiocarbon dating 



We thank G.R. Foulger for useful suggestions and correcting English in an earlier version of this paper. A.J.L. Harris helped much to make this paper suitable for publication in the Bulletin of Volcanology from both English and scientific points of view. J. Stix, J.C. Eichelberger and R. Sulpizio provided useful reviews, which helped to reorganize manuscript and avoid some misinterpretations. The work was supported by grants from Russian Foundation for Basic Research (11-05-00425-a and 09-05-91052-CNRS_a). This work is a part of the Integrated Project no. 142 sponsored by the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Taiwan National Science Council.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexei V. Ivanov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sergei G. Arzhannikov
    • 1
  • Elena I. Demonterova
    • 1
  • Anastasia V. Arzhannikova
    • 1
  • Lyubov A. Orlova
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of the Earth’s Crust, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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