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Oecologia

, 143:548 | Cite as

Relative performance of European grapevine moth (Lobesia botrana) on grapes and other hosts

  • Denis Thiéry
  • Jérôme Moreau
Plant Animal Interactions

Abstract

The European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana is a major grapevine pest, but despite the abundance of vineyards it is a generalist and uses either grapes or alternative species. Given the abundance and predictability of grape, L. botrana could be expected to have evolved towards monophagy. In order to understand why this species remains polyphagous, we hypothesized that larvae reared on rare wild host plants should have higher fitness than those reared on the more abundant grape host. For this, we compared larval performance and several life history traits on three alternative host plants (Daphne gnidium, Olea europaea, Tanacetum vulgare) and three Vitaceae (Vitis vinifera), two cultivars and one wild species (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata), and two control groups raised on either a low or a high nutritive value medium. Alternative hosts are more suitable than Vitaceae for the reproductive performance of L. botrana: larval mortality and development time was reduced, while pupal weight, growth rate, female longevity, female fecundity, duration of laying and mating success were increased. High quality food ingested by larvae promotes higher adult body weight and enhances female reproductive output. This suggests that alternative hosts provide greater nutritional value for L. botrana than Vitaceae. The use of alternative host plants could thus be maintained in the host range because they offer L. botrana a better fitness than on the Vitaceae. This could typically represent an advantage for moths behaving in plant diversity grape landscapes.

Keywords

Lobesia botrana Polyphagy Insect plant relationships Life history traits 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank X. Arruego, C. Couranjou and E. Richard for their experimental contribution. Authors are indebted to Drs R. Naisbit, B. Benrey and D. Bailey for valuable discussions and comments on the earlier version of manuscript and to E. Haine for language correction. The second author was supported by a Swiss national Foundation grant NCCR. All experiments described in this paper were done in France according to the rules of the ethical board for animal experiments complying with the current laws of this country.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMR 1065 INRA-ENITAB Santé végétaleINRA Institut Supérieur de la Vigne et du VinVillenave d’Ornon CedexFrance
  2. 2.Institut de ZoologieUniversité de NeuchâtelNeuchâtelSwitzerland
  3. 3.Equipe Ecologie-Evolution, UMR 5561BiogéosciencesUniversité de BourgogneDijonFrance

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