Cell and Tissue Research

, Volume 286, Issue 3, pp 493–505

Type XV collagen exhibits a widespread distribution in human tissues but a distinct localization in basement membrane zones

  • Jeanne C. Myers
  • Arnold S. Dion
  • Valsamma Abraham
  • Peter S. Amenta

DOI: 10.1007/s004410050719

Cite this article as:
Myers, J., Dion, A., Abraham, V. et al. Cell Tissue Res (1996) 286: 493. doi:10.1007/s004410050719

Abstract.

The collagen family of proteins consists of 19 types encoded by 33 genes. One of the more recently discovered collagens is the α1 chain of type XV. Type XV collagen is comprised of a 577-amino-acid, highly interrupted, triple-helical region that is flanked by amino and carboxy noncollagenous domains of 555 and 256 residues, respectively. To address questions of where this collagen is localized and what its function may entail, we produced a bacteria-expressed recombinant protein representing the first half of the type XV collagen carboxy-terminal domain in order to generate highly specific polyclonal antisera. Immunoscreening of an expression library with the affinity-purified antibody revealed three clones coding for part of the type XV triple-helical region and the entire noncollagenous carboxy-terminus. Western blot analysis of human tissue homogenates identified a 116-kDa collagenase-sensitive protein and a 27-kDa collagenase-resistant fragment, whose electrophoretic mobilities were unchanged in the presence and absence of reductant. Northern blot hybridization to human tissue RNAs indicated that type XV has a prevalent and widespread distribution. To determine the precise localization of type XV collagen, immunohistochemical analyses at the light- and electron-microscopic levels were performed. Type XV exhibited a surprisingly restricted and uniform presence in many human tissues as evidenced by a strong association with vascular, neuronal, mesenchymal, and some epithelial basement membrane zones. These data suggest that type XV collagen may function in some manner to adhere basement membrane to the underlying connective tissue stroma.

Key words: Collagen Type XV Basement membrane zones Basement membrane Immunohistochemistry Antibody Recombinant protein Human tissues 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeanne C. Myers
    • 1
  • Arnold S. Dion
    • 2
  • Valsamma Abraham
    • 1
  • Peter S. Amenta
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Anatomy Chemistry Building, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104–6059, USAUS
  2. 2.Institute of Molecular Genetics, Garden State Cancer Center at the Center for Molecular Medicine and Immunology, Newark, NJ 07103, USAUS
  3. 3.Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USAUS

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