Toll-like receptor bioactivity in endothelial progenitor cells
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Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death globally that can be mitigated by the modulation of angiogenesis. To achieve this goal, the application of endothelial progenitor cells and other stem cell types is useful. Following the onset of cardiovascular disease and pro-inflammatory conditions as seen during bacterial sepsis, endothelial progenitor cells enter systemic circulation in response to multiple cytokines and activation of various intracellular mechanisms. The critical role of Toll-like receptors has been previously identified in the dynamics of various cell types, in particular, immune cells. To our knowledge, there are a few experiments related to the role of Toll-like receptors in endothelial progenitor cell activity. Emerging data point of endothelial progenitor cells and other stem cells having the potential to express Toll-like receptors to control different activities such as multipotentiality and dynamics of growth. In this review article, we aim to collect data related to the role of Toll-like receptors in endothelial progenitor cells bioactivity and angiogenic potential.
KeywordsEndothelial progenitor cells Toll-like receptors Functional dynamics Angiogenesis
We would like to thank the personnel of Stem Cell Research Center.
Compliance with ethical statements
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This work was financially supported by a grant (IR.TBZMED.REC.1397.998) from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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