Cell and Tissue Research

, Volume 364, Issue 2, pp 345–355 | Cite as

Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells improves type 1 diabetes mellitus

  • Lisha LiEmail author
  • Furong Li
  • Feng Gao
  • Yali Yang
  • Yuanyuan Liu
  • Pingping Guo
  • Yulin Li
Regular Article


Bone-marrow-derived stem cells can regenerate pancreatic tissue in a model of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) form the main part of bone marrow. We show that the intrapancreatic transplantation of MSCs elevates serum insulin and C-peptide, while decreasing blood glucose. MSCs engrafted into the damaged rat pancreas become distributed into the blood vessels, acini, ducts, and islets. Renascent islets, islet-like clusters, and a small number of MSCs expressing insulin protein have been observed in the pancreas of diabetic rats. Intrapancreatic transplantation of MSCs triggers a series of molecular and cellular events, including differentiation towards the pancreas directly and the provision of a niche to start endogenous pancreatic regeneration, which ameliorates hypoinsulinemia and hyperglycemia caused by streptozotocin. These data establish the many roles of MSCs in the restoration of the function of an injured organ.


Intrapancreatic transplantation Mesenchymal stem cells Islet regeneration Type 1 diabetes mellitus Rat 



The authors thank Professor Hui Qi in the Clinical Medicine Research Center, Shenzhen People’s Hospital for providing technical assistance and advice.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisha Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Furong Li
    • 2
  • Feng Gao
    • 3
  • Yali Yang
    • 2
  • Yuanyuan Liu
    • 1
  • Pingping Guo
    • 1
  • Yulin Li
    • 1
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Pathobiology, Ministry of Education, Norman Bethune College of MedicineJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People’s Hospital)Jinan UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of General SurgeryBaoan Central Hospital of ShenzhenShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China

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