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Cell and Tissue Research

, Volume 356, Issue 1, pp 183–193 | Cite as

Integrin αvβ5 in endothelial cells of rat splenic sinus: an immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study

  • Kiyoko UeharaEmail author
  • Akira Uehara
Regular Article

Abstract

Localization of integrins β1-8, α1, α2, α3, α5, α6 and αv in sinus endothelial cells of the rat spleen was examined by immunofluorescence microscopy. Labeling for anti-integrin β5 and integrin αv was detected and colocalized in the entire circumference of endothelial cells. Labeling for integrin β5, vinculin and actin filaments demonstrated that they lay close to each other in the basal part of the endothelial cells. Although the other integrin βs, including integrin β1 and integrins α1, α2, α3, α5 and α6 in combination with integrin β1, were localized in leukocytes, slightly large cells, megakaryocytes and/or platelets in the sinus lumen and splenic cords, they were not detected in endothelial cells. Labeling for vitronectin, a component of the extracellular-matrix-binding integrin αvβ5, was strongly stained in the periphery of the wall of sinuses, as was collagen IV and, in addition, was localized in the cytoplasm of endothelial cells. Ultrastructural localization of integrin β5, vitronectin and clathrin was examined by immunogold electron microscopy to elucidate the involvement of integrin αvβ5 in the endocytosis of vitronectin in sinus endothelial cells. Electron microscopy with detergent extraction revealed abundant coated pits and coated vesicles in endothelial cells. Immunogold labeling for vitronectin was present in pits, vesicles and the stacked endoplasmic reticulum. Double-labeling for integrin β5 or integrin αv and clathrin revealed that they were colocalized in some vesicles in close proximity to the apical and lateral plasma membrane of the endothelial cells. The possible functional roles of integrin αvβ5 in endothelial cells of the splenic sinus are discussed.

Keywords

Integrin Vitronectin Endocytosis Sinus endothelial cells Spleen Rat (Wistar) 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cell BiologyFukuoka University School of MedicineFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyFukuoka University School of MedicineFukuokaJapan

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