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Differential distribution of adenosine receptors in rat cochlea

Abstract

Adenosine is a constitutive cell metabolite that can be released from cells via specific bi-directional transporters and is an end-point for nucleotide hydrolysis. In the extracellular space, adenosine becomes a signalling molecule for P1 (adenosine) receptors that modulate physiological responses in a wide range of mammalian tissues. Whereas adenosine signalling has been implicated in the regulation of cochlear blood flow and in cochlear protection from oxidative damage, the potential roles for adenosine signalling in the modulation of sound transduction and auditory neurotransmission have not been established. We have characterised the expression and distribution of adenosine receptors in the rat cochlea. mRNA transcripts for all four subtypes of adenosine receptors (A1, A2A, A2B and A3) were detected in dissected cochlear tissue by using reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction analysis. The protein distribution for the A1, A2A and A3 receptor subtypes was identified by immunoperoxidase histochemistry and confocal immunofluorescence labelling. These receptors were differentially expressed in the organ of Corti, spiral ganglion neurones, lateral wall tissues and cochlear blood vessels. The distribution of adenosine receptors in sensory and neural tissues and in the vasculature coincided with other elements of purinergic signalling (P2X and P2Y receptors, ectonucleotidases), consistent with the integrative regulation of many physiological processes in the cochlea by extracellular nucleotides and nucleosides. Our study provides a framework for further investigation of adenosine signalling in the inner ear, including putative roles in oxidative stress responses.

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Author information

Correspondence to Srdjan M. Vlajkovic.

Additional information

The study was supported by the RNID (UK), Deafness Research Foundation (NZ), Auckland Medical Research Foundation and Health Research Council (NZ).

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Vlajkovic, S.M., Abi, S., Wang, C.J.H. et al. Differential distribution of adenosine receptors in rat cochlea. Cell Tissue Res 328, 461–471 (2007) doi:10.1007/s00441-006-0374-2

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Keywords

  • Cochlea
  • Adenosine
  • Adenosine receptors
  • P1 receptors
  • Purinergic signalling
  • Rat (Wistar, male)