Cell and Tissue Research

, Volume 316, Issue 2, pp 141–153 | Cite as

Custom-shaping system for bone regeneration by seeding marrow stromal cells onto a web-like biodegradable hybrid sheet

  • Kohei Tsuchiya
  • Taisuke Mori
  • Guoping Chen
  • Takashi Ushida
  • Tetsuya Tateishi
  • Takeo Matsuno
  • Michiie Sakamoto
  • Akihiro Umezawa
Regular Article

Abstract

New bone for the repair or the restoration of the function of traumatized, damaged, or lost bone is a major clinical need, and bone tissue engineering has been heralded as an alternative strategy for regenerating bone. A novel web-like structured biodegradable hybrid sheet has been developed for bone tissue engineering by preparing knitted poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) sheets (PLGA sheets) with collagen microsponges in their openings. The PLGA skeleton facilitates the formation of the hybrid sheets into desired shapes, and the collagen microsponges in the pores of the PLGA sheet promote cell adhesion and uniform cell distribution throughout the sheet. A large number of osteoblasts established from marrow stroma adhere to the scaffolds and generate the desired-shaped bone in combination with these novel sheets. These results indicate that the web-like structured novel sheet shows promise for use as a tool for custom-shaped bone regeneration in basic research on osteogenesis and for the development of therapeutic applications.

Keywords

Bone regeneration Tissue engineering Scaffold Marrow stroma Polymer KUSA-A1 cells 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We sincerely thank Y. Takeda and S. Matsumoto for support throughout the work, and N. Hida, T. Inomata, Y. Hashimoto, and Y. Nakamura for providing expert technical assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kohei Tsuchiya
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Taisuke Mori
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guoping Chen
    • 4
    • 5
  • Takashi Ushida
    • 5
    • 6
  • Tetsuya Tateishi
    • 4
  • Takeo Matsuno
    • 3
  • Michiie Sakamoto
    • 2
  • Akihiro Umezawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Reproductive Biology and PathologyNational Research Institute for Child and Health DevelopmentTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of PathologyKeio University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryAsahikawa Medical CollegeHokkaidoJapan
  4. 4.Biomaterials CenterNational Institute for Materials ScienceIbarakiJapan
  5. 5.Tissue Engineering Research CenterNational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and TechnologyHyogoJapan
  6. 6.Center for Disease Biology and Integrative Medicine, School of MedicineUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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