Probability Theory and Related Fields

, Volume 169, Issue 3–4, pp 871–899 | Cite as

Extinction time for the contact process on general graphs

  • Bruno SchapiraEmail author
  • Daniel Valesin


We consider the contact process on finite and connected graphs and study the behavior of the extinction time, that is, the amount of time that it takes for the infection to disappear in the process started from full occupancy. We prove, without any restriction on the graph G, that if the infection rate \(\lambda \) is larger than the critical rate of the one-dimensional process, then the extinction time grows faster than \(\exp \{|G|/(\log |G|)^\kappa \}\) for any constant \(\kappa > 1\), where |G| denotes the number of vertices of G. Also for general graphs, we show that the extinction time divided by its expectation converges in distribution, as the number of vertices tends to infinity, to the exponential distribution with parameter 1. These results complement earlier work of Mountford, Mourrat, Valesin and Yao, in which only graphs of bounded degrees were considered, and the extinction time was shown to grow exponentially in n; here we also provide a simpler proof of this fact.

Mathematics Subject Classification

60K35 82C22 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aix-Marseille Université, CNRSMarseilleFrance
  2. 2.University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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