Clinical and genetic heterogeneity in Meckel syndrome
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Meckel syndrome (MKS) is a lethal malformation syndrome characterised by posterior meningoencephalocele, polycystic kidneys, fibrotic changes of the liver, and polydactyly. We have previously shown a linkage to chromosome 17q in 17 Finnish Meckel families. In this study we have analysed one Italian, one Austrian (of Turkish origin) and three British MKS families (Caucasian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi families) for linkage to the MKS locus on chromosome 17q22–q24. We did not observe co-segregation of the disease and marker haplotypes in the Austrian family or in the three British families, of which two represented classical MKS and one a slightly atypical MKS phenotype with longer survival of the patient. In the Italian family the affected and non-affected children did not share the same maternal chromosome and thus this family could represent the same allelic disease as the Finnish MKS families. These results suggest locus heterogeneity in Meckel syndrome – a feature previously suspected based on the highly variable clinical phenotype.
KeywordsClinical Phenotype Genetic Heterogeneity Longe Survival Fibrotic Change Locus Heterogeneity
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