A new mutation, 3905insT, accounts for 4.8% of 1173 CF chromosomes in Switzerland and causes a severe phenotype
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We have analysed 1173 cystic fibrosis (CF) chromosomes from Switzerland for eight mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. This permitted the identification of 88.5% of all mutations present. A novel insertion mutation in exon 20 of the CFTR gene, 3905insT, was discovered. This mutation accounted for 4.8% of CFTR gene mutations in Switzerland and has since been identified in other populations of probable Swiss descent. It is associated with a highly variable clinical phenotype but always with pancreatic insufficiency. Haplotype analysis with three intragenic microsatellites in the CFTR gene showed that the mutation is associated with a haplotype rarely identified on other CFTR alleles and, therefore, that the frequency of the mutation in Switzerland is explained by a founder effect of a relatively recent mutation event.
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