A novel missense mutation in exon 4 of the human coproporphyrinogen oxidase gene in two patients with hereditary coproporphyria
Hereditary coproporphyria (HCP) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by a deficiency of coproporphyrinogen oxidase. To date, four mutations of the gene have been reported. We report here another mutation in two Japanese families with HCP, which was revealed by analysis of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified DNA fragments of the gene by a direct-sequencing method. A point mutation, G to A, was found in exon 4 of the gene at position 538 of the cDNA from the reported putative translation initiation codon ATG. This mutation results in a glycine to arginine substitution at amino acid 180. Two carriers in the family were successfully diagnosed by detecting the mutation using restriction analysis of the PCR products.
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