Gene therapies in canine models for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

  • Peter P. NghiemEmail author
  • Joe N. Kornegay
Original Investigation
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Canine Genetics
  2. Canine Genetics


Therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) must first be tested in animal models to determine proof-of-concept, efficacy, and importantly, safety. The murine and canine models for DMD are genetically homologous and most commonly used in pre-clinical testing. Although the mouse is a strong, proof-of-concept model, affected dogs show more analogous clinical and immunological disease progression compared to boys with DMD. As such, evaluating genetic therapies in the canine models may better predict response at the genetic, phenotypic, and immunological levels. We review the use of canine models for DMD and their benefits as it pertains to genetic therapy studies, including gene replacement, exon skipping, and gene editing.



We acknowledge Sara Mata López, Dr. Sharla Birch, Amanda Bettis, and Cynthia Balog-Alvarez for their work with the GRMD model.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. Nghiem is a paid consultant for Agada Biosciences. Dr. Kornegay does not have any conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical SciencesTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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