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Human Genetics

, Volume 137, Issue 10, pp 769–778 | Cite as

Personalised medicine and population health: breast and ovarian cancer

  • Steven A. NarodEmail author
Review

Abstract

It has been suggested that a personalised approach to cancer prevention and screening might lead to a new paradigm for cancer control. Various aspects include testing for high-penetrance cancer susceptibility genes and generating personal risks scores, based on panels of single nucleotide polymorphisms. These tests can categorize women into various groupings of risk for cancer prevention (surgery and chemoprevention) cancer screening and prevention of cancer recurrence. In this review, I investigate various claims and come to the conclusion that the approach may be beneficial for the occasional patient but is unlikely to have any impact on reducing the burden of cancer incidence and mortality as whole. Challenges include meeting a high uptake of the test in the population, developing an effective and acceptable intervention and the willingness of healthy women to follow health care provider recommendations. The review focuses on strategies to reduce mortality from breast and ovarian cancer but is potentially applicable to other cancer sites, such as colon, prostate, and endometrial.

Keywords

Precision medicine Personalised medicine Personal risk scores Cancer prevention Cancer screening 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank Victoria Sopik for reviewing the manuscript before submission.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Women’s College Research InstituteWomen’s College HospitalTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Dalla Lana School of Public HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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